List compiled by Herbert Friedman and Edward Rouse
Abner, Alan. PSYWARRIORS - PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE DURING THE KOREAN WAR, Shippensburg, PA: Burd Street Press, 2001
THE AERO FIELD, house magazine of Francis J. Field Ltd., Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham.
General coverage of leaflets produced in wartime and peacetime. See particularly the magazine issues of the 50s, 60s and 70s.
American Institutes for Research, ed. THE ART AND SCIENCE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS: CASE STUDIES OF MILITARY APPLICATION. Department of the Army Pamphlet No. 525-7-1, 2 vols. Washington, DC: Department of the Army, 1976.
Auckland, R.G., AERIAL PROPAGANDA OVER GREAT BRITAIN, a monograph written and published by R.G.Auckland and available from him at 60, High St., Sandridge, St. Albans, Herts. England AL4 9BZ.
Auckland, R.G.,THE FALLING LEAF - AERIAL DROPPED PROPAGANDA 1914-1961 The Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, in 1978.
A well illustrated exhibition catalogue of leaflets mainly of WWII but also from WWI to Vietnam.
Baldus, Wolfang: SCHWARZE POST (Two volumes), Munich, Germany, 1997.
A privately printed pair of books in the German language. They discuss and illustrate all the propaganda in the form of stamps, postcards, and letter sheets from WWI to the present. They are designed for the philatelic specialist, but contain information of interest to all psywar collectors.
Baldwin, R.E.: LAST HOPE - THE BLOOD CHIT STORY. Schiffer Military History, Atglen, PA, 1997.
This book is on the subject of blood chits, and gives the background of the government’s attempt to provide flyers with a means to escape enemy capture. It shows numerous American leaflets used to instruct local natives how to return flyers to allied lines.
Balfour, Michael: PROPAGANDA IN WAR 1939-1945. Routledge and Kegan, London, 1979.
A history of the organizations, policies and themes of propaganda used on their own population by the governments of
and Great Britain . No illustrations. A brief look at what the propaganda ministries were saying month by month. Germany
Baret, Peter, Beth Irwin Lewis and Paul Peret PERSUASIVE IMAGES: POSTERS OF WARE AND REVOLUTION FROM THE HOOVER INSTITUTION ARCHIVES, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1992
Barnett, Frank, and others, editor. SPECIAL OPERATIONS IN U.S. STRATEGY. Washington, National Defense University Press, 1984.
Basistov: PROPAGANDA LEAFLETS OF WWII, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1999.
A soft-cover, Russian-language, 135-page book. Many leaflets of WWII, some Desert Storm, Chechnya and Afghanistan leaflets. Appears to be influenced by "Heil Beil."
Berger, Carl: AN INTRODUCTION TO WARTIME LEAFLETS. American University, 1959.
WWII and Korea.
Berger, Carl. BROADSIDES AND BAYONETS: THE PROPAGANDA WAR OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. 1961 Reprinted Presidio Press, 1976
Berry, Jerald W. and Donna G. Berry PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE LEAFLETS OF THE VIETNAM WAR, 2001, Self Published review of Vietnam War leaflets offered on either CD-ROM or bound computer-printed pages. There are 188-pages containing many illustrations and translations of both Allied and Communist leaflets. Copies available for sale from the authors at http://www.currahee.org/ or by e-mailing them at firstname.lastname@example.org
Boehm, Edward. BEHIND ENEMY LINES: WWII ALLIED/AXIS PROPAGANDA. London: Wellfleet Press, 1985.
A colorful look at Allied and Axis leaflets used in Italy, written by an Army PSYOP officer. Numerous illustrations in full color.
Bornstein. Joseph and Paul Milton. ACTION AGAINST THE ENEMY'S MIND - THIS PSYCHOLOGICAL WAR, New York, NY: Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1942
Brown, Anthony Cave BODYGUARD OF LIES. 2 vol. New York: Harper & Row, 1975.
Breuer, William B.: SHADOW WARRIORS - THE COVERT WAR IN KOREA, John Wiley and Sons, N.Y., 1996.
This book explains the American PsyWar organization at the start of the Korean War. It has several minor comments on leaflets and propaganda missions.
Brickley, Christopher, FIVE VENTURES, HMSO, 1954.
Bruce-Lockhart, Sir Robert, COMES THE RECKONING, Putnam 1947.
WWII - the story of the Political Warfare Executive.
Bruntz, George. ALLIED PROPAGANDA AND THE COLLAPSE OF THE GERMAN EMPIRE IN 1918, Hoover War Library, Volume Number 13, Stanford University, CA, Stanford University Press, 1938
Buchbender, Ortwin: DAS TONENDE ER,DEUTSCHE PROPAGANDA GEGEN DIE ROTE ARMEE IM ZWEITEN WELTKRIEG. Seewald Verlag, Stuttgart, 1978.
German-language book on the subject of radio propaganda in WWII, contains many illustrations of German leaflets and units.
Buchbender and Schuh: DIE WAFFEN DIE AUF DIE SEELE ZIELTPSYCHOLOGISCHE KRIEGSFUHRUNG 1939-1945, Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart, 1983.
A look at German propaganda radio. Some leaflets illustrated.
Buchbender, Ortwin and Schuh, Horst: HEIL BEIL! Seewald Verlag, Stuttgart, 1974.
German-language book on the subject of propaganda in WWII. Many illustrations of "black" and "white" leaflets. WWII - European Theatre
Budd, Edward, A PRINTER GOES TO WAR, Howard Baker Press, London 1975.
General information on leaflet printing in WWII.
Burke, Bryan, NAZI COUNTERFEITING OF BRITISH CURRENCY DURING WORLD WAR II: OPERATION ANDREW AND OPERATION BERNHARD, The Book Shop, San Bernardo, CA, 1987.
Butler, Ewan: AMATEUR AGENT. W.W. Norton. N.Y., 1963.
The story of a British agent during WWII. Numerous psywar campaigns. Some illustrations.
Chandler, Robert W. WAR OF IDEAS: THE US PROPAGANDA CAMPAIGN IN VIETNAM. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1981.
** Probably the best reference on propaganda of the Viet Nam war. Heavily illustrated, close to 100 translations.
Cockerill, Brigadier General, Sir George WHAT FOOLS WE WERE, Hutchinson, WWII.
Conboy, Kenneth & Dale Andrade SPIES AND COMMANDOS - HOW AMERICA LOST THE SECRET WAR IN NORTH VIETNAM, Kansas: Published by University Press of Kansas, 2000
Corvo, Max: THE O.S.S. IN ITALY. Praeger, New York, 1990.
History of OSS activities in Italy by director of field operations. Very little on propaganda, just a few minor comments.
Cruickshank, Charles, DECEPTION IN WORLD WAR II, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1979.
Cruickshank, Charles. THE FOURTH ARM: PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE 1938 – 1945. London: Davis Poynter, 1977
The history of the British propaganda organizations. Mentions themes and techniques. White propaganda only. Little data on black operations.
Cull, Nicholas John. SELLING WAR: THE BRITISH PROPAGANDA CAMPAIGN AGAINST AMERICAN "NEUTRALITY" IN WORLD WAR II. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.
Daniel, Howard: REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM COINS AND CURRENCY. Minuteman Press, Annandale, VA, 1992
This book illustrates the currency of the Republic of (South) Vietnam. It gives information on propaganda banknotes produced by the Allies.
Daniel, Howard: DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM COINS AND CURRENCY. News Gazette, Lexington, VA, 1995
This book illustrates the currency of the Democratic Republic of (North)Vietnam. It gives information on propaganda banknotes produced by the Allies.
Darracott, Joseph. THE FIRST WORLD WAR IN POSTERS: FROM THE IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, New York: Dover Publications, 1974
Daughtery, William E. compiler. A PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE CASEBOOK. Baltimore: Operations Research Office. New York: Arno Press, The John Hopkins University. 1958. Reprinted, 1979.
Selected readings. About 100 published articles in an anthology of various psywar operations up to 1958.
Delmer, Sefton. BLACK BOOMERANG, New York: The Viking Press, 1962. (An exceptional account of British "black radio" during WW II and the effective and creative techniques used.)
** Written by the agent who ran numerous black radio and leaflet operations for Great Britain during WWII.
Delmer, Sefton, THE COUNTERFEIT SPY, Hutchinson & Co., Ltd., London, 1973.
Account of various Allied efforts at deception and espionage.
Denning, Dorothy. INFORMATION WARFARE AND SECURITY, Reading MA: Addison-Wesley, 1999
Department of Defense, United States. CONDUCT OF THE PERSIAN GULF WAR: FINAL REPORT TO CONGRESS, Washington, United States Department of Defense, 1992. 3 vols.
Dewar, Michael Colonel. THE ART OF DECEPTION IN WARFARE, New York: Sterling Publishing, 1989
Dusel, Hans: Selected booklets on the subject of Russian propaganda leaflets. written and published by Dr.H.H.Dusel in 1990 and available from the author at Hochreisstr. 12, D-83043, Bad Aibling, Germany.
DIE FLUGBLATTER DES NATIONALKOMITEES FREIES DEUTSCHLAND I
DIE FLUGBLATTER DES NATIONALKOMITEES FREIES DEUTSCHLAND II
DIE SOWJETISCHE FLUGBLATTPROPAGANDA GEGEN DEUTSCHLAND IM ZWEITEN WELTKRIEG + SUPPLEMENTS 1, 2, AND 3.
DIE SOWJETISCHE FLUGBLATTPROPAGANDA GEGEN DEUTSCHLAND IM ZWEITEN WELTKRIEG: Frontflugblätter, Leipzig 1998, ISBN 3-931922-63-4
DIE SOWJETISCHE FLUGBLATTPROPAGANDA GEGEN DEUTSCHLAND IM ZWEITEN WELTKRIEG Band 1: DIE FRONTFLUGBLATTER DER UKRAINISCHEN FRONTEN. Leipzig 2001, ISBN 3-934565-82-4
Band 1: FLUGBLATTER AUS ENGLAND 1939/1940/1941.
Band 2: DIE FRONTFLUGBLATTER DER NORDLICHEN FRONTEN. Leipzig 2001, ISBN 3-935693-61-3
Band 3: DIE FRONTFLUGBLATTER DER BELORUSSISCHEN FRONTEN. Leipzig 2003, ISBN 3-936522-49-9
Band 4: DIE FLUGBLATTER DER BALTISCHEN FRONTEN. in printing
Text in German. These books are for specialists interested in a listing of Russian leaflets during WWII.
Dyer, Murray. The Weapon on the Wall Johns Hopkins University Press Reprints, 1979
Elliston, Jon. PSYWAR ON CUBA; THE DECLASSIFIED HISTORY OF U.S. ANTI-CASTRO PROPAGANDA New York: Ocean Press, 1998.
A look at all the types of American propaganda used against Cuba during the Cold War. Illustrates only three leaflets.
Ellul, Jacques. PROPAGANDA: THE FORMATION OF MEN'S ATTITUDES. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1965.
Erdmann, James: LEAFLET OPERATIONS IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR. Denver Instant printing. 1969.
Doctoral thesis on U.S. leaflet operations in the European Theater of Operations.
Field, John C.W: AERIAL PROPAGANDA LEAFLETS. Francis J. Field, Sutton Coldfield, England, 1954.
A bound catalog of leaflets for sale by a dealer. Several chapters, numerous illustrations.
THE FIRST DAILY AIRBORNE NEWSPAPER IN THE WORLD, Home Counties Newspapers and Gibbs Bamforth and privately circulated amongst their staff at the end of WWII.
Nachrichten fur die Truppe
Fisher, John, AIRLIFT 1870 Max Parrish, London, 1965.
Occasional reference to Siege of Paris balloon leaflets.
Fouminet, G. REVUE HISTORIQUE DE L'ARMEE 3rd Annee Sept. 1947. Illustrated
"La guerre des tracts".
Garnet, David, THE SECRET HISTORY OF PWE - THE POLITIVAL WARFARE EXECUTIVE 1939-1945, St. Ermin's Press (Little Brown), London, 2002
Gass, Robert H. and John S. Seiter. PERSUASION, SOCIAL INFLUENCE, AND COMPLIANCE GAINING. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1999.
Gilmore, Allison B. YOU CAN’T FIGHT TANKS WITH BAYONETS: PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE AGAINST THE JAPANESE ARMY IN THE SOUTHEAST PACIFIC. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1998.
A description of the psychological warfare leaflets prepared and used against the Japanese Army during WWII. It contains only 18 illustrations, all in black and white. Compared to most books on this subject, the text is very academic. However, it will be a valuable asset to those who specialize in propaganda against the Japanese Army.
Gjems-Onstad, Erik: PSYKOLOGISK KRIGFORING I NORGE, DURHAM - HEMMELIGE OPERASJONER. Sollia Forlag, Oslo, 1981.
Norwegian-language book on the subject of psychological warfare in Norway. Copious illustrations of British black leaflets to Norway, and some lists of propaganda sent from England.
Glass, Leslie, A CHANGING OF KINGS, Peter Owen,1985.
Goldstein, Frank L., editor (Colonel, USAF Ret. Ph.d). PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS: PRINCIPLES AND CASE STUDIES. Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Air University Press, 1996.
Selected readings. An anthology of 21 articles in six different areas of study. Case studies of operations from the Cold War, Vietnam, Grenada, Panama, and Desert Storm. Areas examined include Nature and Scope of Psychological Operations, National Policy and PSYOP Planning, Strategic, Tactical, and Operational PSYOP, and Case Studies of PSYOP Applications.
Goldstein, Franklin (Colonel, USAF Ret. Ph.d) PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS: A PLAN FOR SUCCESS
Gordion, Joseph S. editor. PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS: THE SOVIET CHALLENGE, Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1988.
Gordon, Joseph, Dr. compiled/editor STRATEGIC PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS - BOOK OF READINGS, Defense Intelligence College.
Gregory, G.H. POSTERS OF WORLD WAR II, New York: Gramercy Books, 1993
Haas, Michael E.: APOLLO’S WARRIORS – UNITED STATES AIR FORCE SPECIAL OPERATIONS DURING THE COLD WAR. Air University Press, Maxwell AFB, Alabama, 1997.
The USAF paid for this book that tells the story of the special operations from Korea to Vietnam. Heavily illustrated, it does have some minor mentions of PSYOP campaigns. However, the book is mostly a military record of operations.
Harris, Elliot. The UN-AMERICAN WEAPON - PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE, New York: Published by Lads Publishing Company, 1967
A general look at some psywar campaigns of the Korean and Vietnam wars.
Hayden, H.T. (LtCol, USMC). SHADOW WAR: SPECIAL OPERATIONS AND LOW INTENSITY CONFLICT. Vista, CA: Pacific Aero Press, 1992.
Heideking, Jurgen and Mauch, Christof: AMERICAN INTELLIGENCE AND THE GERMAN RESISTANCE TO HITLER, Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, 1966.
A collection of 102 wartime documents on foreign contacts of the German resistance during WWII. Limited information on black propaganda. Some correspondence from OSS MO Branch.
Herzstein, Robert Edwin, THE WAR THAT HITLER WON - THE MOST INFAMOUS PROPAGANDA CAMPAIGN IN HISTORY, G. B. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1978.
About Goebbels' propaganda campaign.
Hirsch, John L. et al. SOMALIA AND OPERATION RESTORE HOPE: REFLECTIONS ON PEACEMAKING AND PEACEKEEPING. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Institute of Peace Press, 1995.
Hoettl, Wilhelm, HITLER'S PAPER WEAPON, translated from the German by Basil Creighton, Rupert Hart-Davis, London, 1955.
Memoir of a participant in Operation Bernhard. Hoettl is the pseudonym of Sturmbahnfuehrer Walter Hagen.
Hogan, Jr., David W. U.S. ARMY SPECIAL OPERATIONS IN WORLD WAR II. Washington, D.C.: The U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1992.
Hosmer, Stephen T. PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF U.S. AIR OPERATIONS IN FOUR WARS 1941-1991: LESSONS FOR U.S. COMMANDERS. Santa Monica, California: RAND, 1996.
Howe, Ellic, ASTROLOGY AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE DURING WORLD WAR TWO Rider and Co., London 1972.
Much about "Der Zenit" 'black' magazine and Nostradamus.
Howe, Ellic: THE BLACK GAME. Michael Joseph, London, 1982.
** Written by the WWII British master forger. This book is well illustrated and gives background on numerous British black operations.
Hyde, H. Montgomery: ROOM 3603. Farrar, Straus and Co., NY 1962.
The story of Sir William Stephenson, who ran British propaganda campaigns against Germany from his headquarters in New York City. This book was written when information on the subject was still closely guarded by the British Offical Secrets Act. The British government commissioned Hyde to write it in reaction to the escape to the Soviet Union of spy Kim Philby, in an effort to blunt the effect of any disclosures about Stephenson's activities in America.
Hyde, H. Montgomery, SECRET INTELLIGENCE AGENT, St Martin's Press, New York, 1982.
A later account of the work of Sir William Stephenson (Intrepid) in the U.S., with information that was still classified when Hyde wrote Room 3603.
INSTITUTO STORICO DELLA RESISTENZA IN PROVINCIA DI NOVARA "P. FORNARA." PROPAGANDA POLITICA E MEZZI DI COMUNICAZIONE DI MASSA TRA FASCISMO E DEMOCRAZIA, ADOLFO MIGNEMI, Edizioni Gruppo Abele, Torino, Italy 1995.
An Italian-language paperback book on the subject of anti-Nazi resistance in Italy. Contains a 14-page section on OSS Morale Operations in Rome.
Jammes, Pierre, ESSAI DE REPERTOIRE DES TRACTS LANCES PAR AVION pendant la guerre 1939- 1945. A catalogue of leaflets made by and is an extract from "Vieux Papier" Avril-Juillet 1946.
Johnson, Richard: PSYOP - THE GULF PAPER WAR. 1992.
Privately printed photocopied pages with numerous B&W illustrations of Gulf War leaflets.
Johnson, Richard: PROPAGANDA MATERIALS OF THE PERSIAN GULF WAR. 1995.
Improved individual pages with computer colorized versions of the leaflets found in the first Johnson book. Requires plastic pockets for placing in loose-leaf binder.
Johnson, Richard D. SEEDS OF VICTORY Psychological Warfare and Propaganda, Atglen, PA: Schiffer Military/Aviation History, 1997. A professionally bound third edition of the Johnson book on the Persian Gulf war. The book is 288 pages with historical information, translations and over 400 color photographs of the psychological operations leaflets disseminated during the Gulf War. For more information, or to purchase a copy of this book, you can e-mail the author at: mailto:email@example.com
Jordan; Aleyn R., LZ 130 - THE LAST OF THE GREAT ZEPPELINS McClellan Printing, Gorleston-on-Sea, 1977.
The story of the aerial "Danzig Corridor" postcard.
Jowett, Garth and Victoria O'Donnell. PROPAGANDA AND PERSUASION London: Sage Publications, Newbury Park, 1996.
Kendall, W., EIGHTH ARMY PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE IN THE KOREAN WAR Operational Research Office (US Army), December 1951.
Kempe, Frederick. DIVORCING THE DICTATOR: AMERICA'S BUNGLED AFFAIRS WITH NORIEGA. New York: G.P. Putnam, 1990.
Khalilzad, Zalmay M. and John P., white, eds. THE CHANGING ROLE OF INFORMATION IN WARFARE. Santa Monica, California: Rand, 1999.
Kirchner, Klaus: Erlangen, Germany.
A printer who prepares large full-color German-language books of various phases of propaganda leaflets from WWI and WWII.
01. BRITISH LEAFLETS 1914-1918.
02. FRENCH LEAFLETS 1914-1918.
01. BRITISH LEAFLETS 1939-1941.
02. GERMAN LEAFLETS 1939-1940.
03. FRENCH LEAFLETS 1939-1940.
04. BRITISH LEAFLETS 1942.
05. BRITISH LEAFLETS 1943-1944.
06. UNITED STATES LEAFLETS 1943-1944.
07. BRITISH AND U. S. LEAFLETS 1944-1945.
08. RUSSIAN LEAFLETS JULY-AUGUST 1941.
09. RUSSIAN LEAFLETS SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 1941.
10. GERMAN LEAFLETS 1941.
11. BRITISH AND U. S. LEAFLETS "NACHRICHTEN FUR DIE TRUPPE" 1944.
12. BRITISH AND U. S. LEAFLETS "NACHRICHTEN FUR DIE TRUPPE" 1945.
13. RUSSIAN LEAFLETS "FRONT-ILLUSTRIERTE" 1941-1945.
14 . RUSSIAN REGISTER OF STRATEGIC LEAFLETS 1941-1945.
15. RUSSIAN LEAFLETS "NATIONAL COMMITTEE OF FREE GERMANS" 1943-1945
The above are comprehensively illustrated reference books by Dr. Klaus Kirchner and are available from him at Luitpoldstr. 58, D-91052, Erlangen, Germany.
Kirchner, Klaus: KRANKHEIT RETTET. PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE. (Content complete story of malingering leaflets used in Psywar. With facsimile of German "Suedstern" leaflet in English "Better a few weeks ill than all your live dead".
Kirchner, Klaus: Erlangen, Germany. PSYCHOLOGISCHE KRIEGSFUHRUNG IM ZWEITEN WELTKRIEG IN EUROPA
Kirchner, Klaus: Erlangen, Germany. POSTCARDS PRODUCED BY THE SOVIETS FOR AERIAL DISSEMINATION IN WWII, 1994
Soft-cover, 128-page book illustrating the various postcards leaflets prepared by the USSR against Germany and its fascist allies.
Kirchner, Klaus: HANDBOOK OF LEAFLETS, VOLUME 1, New edition in German and English. Including five original leaflets, among them two from Skorpion West disseminated during the "Battle of the Bulge"
Laswell, Harold. PROPAGANDA TECHNIQUES IN WORLD WAR I, Cambridge: M.I.T. Press, 1971.
Laurie, Clayton. THE PROPAGANDA WARRIORS: AMERICA'S CRUSADE AGAINST NAZI GERMANY, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 1996.
A description of the founding of the OWI and OSS, their philosophies, and battle for domination within the American propaganda hierarchy.
Lerner, Daniel. PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE AGAINST NAZI GERMANY: THE SYKEWAR CAMPAIGN. Cambridge: The M.I.T. Press, 1971.
** A detailed look at the workings of OWI during WWII. Much data on themes, operations and concepts. Heavily illustrated.
Lerner, Daniel. PROPAGANDA IN WAR AND CRISIS, 1972
Leser, Lothar, PSYCHOLOGISCHE KRIEFFUHRUNG. DIE BRITISCHE UND AMERIKANISCHE FLUGBLATTPROPAGANDA GEGEN DEUTSCHLAND IM ZWEITEN WELTKRIEG Lothar Leser; published privately 1956.
Early catalogue of Allied leaflets to Germany.
Libicki, Martin. WHAT IS INFORMATION WARFARE, Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University, 1995
Linebarger, Paul M. A: PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE. Infantry Journal Press, Washington D.C., 1948. First edition.
** Possibly the best reference book on general propaganda. Illustrated with both "black" and "white" leaflets.
Linebarger, Paul M. A: PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE. Combat Forces Press, Washington D.C., 1954.Second Edition Reprinted by Combat Forces Press, Washington, D.C., 1972
** Second edition. Has some added data on Korean War propaganda.
Lochner, Louis P., THE GOEBBELS DIARIES Hamish Hamilton, 1948.
British 'black' propaganda.
Lord, Carnes and Frank R. Barnett, editors. POLITICAL WARFARE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS: RE-THINKING THE US APPROACH. Washington, DC: National Defense University Press in cooperation with the National Strategy Information Center, Inc., 1989.
Lynch, Aaron. THOUGHT CONTAGION: HOW BELIEF SPREADS THROUGH SOCIETY, THE NEW SCIENCE OF MEMES. New York: Basic Books, 1996.
MacArthur, John. THE SECOND FRONT - CENSORSHIP AND PROPAGANDA IN THE GULF WAR, New York, NY: Hill and Wang, 1992
MacCloskey, Monro Brig GEN (USAF Ret), : SECRET AIR MISSIONS: Rosen Press, NY, 1966.
Written by the American commander of the 122nd Bomber Squadron, the Air Force unit that dropped leaflets over Europe during WWII.
MacCloskey, Monro, Brig GEN (USAF Ret), ALERT THE FIFTH FORCE: COUNTERINSURGENCY, UNCONVENTIONAL WARFARE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS OF THE U.S. AIR FORCE IN SPECIAL AIR WARFARE. New York: Rosen Press, 1969.
Written by the American commander of the 122nd Bomber Squadron, Special Air Warfare operations of the U.S. Air Force that dropped leaflets over Europe from WWII to Vietnam. Includes some data on psyop.
Maincent, Paul, FORCES AERIENNES FRANCAISES, Comite d'Etudes Aeronautiques Militaires.Extensive and illustrated article "Les Origines du Tract Aerien" (1791 Jean Alexandre) Publ. Part 1 (Dec. 1960), Part 2 (March 1961).
Margolin, Leo. PAPER BULLETS: A BRIEF STORY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE IN WORLD WAR II, New York: Froben Press, 1946.
Small book with strong anti-Nazi theme. Many illustrations.
McLaurin, Ron D: MILITARY PROPAGANDA - PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE AND OPERATIONS. Praeger Publishers, N.Y.C., 1982.
An anthology of technical psywar articles reprinting many studies first published in A Psychological Warfare Casebook and The Art and Science of Psychological Operations. This book contains only technical data, and no specific leaflet operations.
McQuiston, Liz. GRAPHIC AGITATION: SOCIAL AND POLITICAL GRAPHICS SINCE THE SIXTIES. London: Phaidon Press, 1993.
Messaris, Paul. VISUAL PERSUASION: THE ROLE OF IMAGES IN ADVERTISING. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 1997.
Molnar, Charles J. MOLNAR'S Catalogue. Charles J. Molnar was an American dealer who produced an extensive illustrated sales catalogue of many leaflets, particularly of the Far East. Undated but circa 1965.
Murtha, Garry D: NVA & VIET CONG WARTIME DOCUMENTS
Written account of wartime documents. Some leaflets.
Murtha, Garry D: THE PHOENIX PROGRAM IN VIETNAM.
Booklet on the Phoenix program, some leaflets illustrated.
Murtha, Garry D: U.S. AND ALLIED FORCES PROPAGANDA LEAFLETS OF THE VIETNAM WAR.
Reproduced leaflets in a bound booklet format.
Owen, David. BATTLE OF WITS : A HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY & DECEPTION IN MODERN WARFARE
Paddock, Alfred Harlan. PSYCHOLOGICAL AND UNCONVENTIONAL WARFARE, 1941-1952: ORIGINS OF A SPECIAL WARFARE CAPABILITY IN THE UNITED STATES ARMY. Carlisle Barracks, PA, 1979. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan dissertation Transcripts, 1981.
Paddock, Alfred H. JR.: US ARMY SPECIAL WARFARE - ITS ORIGINS. National Defense University, Fort Lesley J. McNair, Washington, DC, 20319, 1982.
This book contains several chapters concerning psychological warfare from World War II through the Korean conflict. It is of special interest since it denotes the origin of the US Army’s psychological and unconventional warfare from 1941-1952.
Paddock, Alfred H. Jr. U.S. ARMY SPECIAL WARFARE - ITS ORIGINS, Revised Edition, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2002
Page, Caroline: U.S. OFFICIAL PROPAGANDA DURING THE VIETNAM WAR 1965-1973, Leicester University Press, London and New York, 1996.
The effect of U.S. propaganda on America’s Western Allies – particularly France, West Germany and Great Britain. Mostly a political look at the Vietnam War.
Pape, Robert A. BOMBING TO WIN: AIR POWER AND COERCION IN WAR. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1996.
Pease, Stephen E. Psywar: PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE IN KOREA 1950 –1953. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1992. A small paperback with background on the Korean war. This 194 page book is very well illustrated with 52 photos and 5 illustrated drawings. You may order a copy of the book directly from the author for $12.95 by writing Steve Pease, P.O. Box 15376, Colorado Springs, CO 80935. You can also e-mail the author at: firstname.lastname@example.org
PERSPECTIVES, the professional Journal of the Psychological Operations Association, published quarterly. Articles published include current happening in the world of PSYOP as well as historical information.
Peterson, Niel H.: FROM HITLER’S DOORSTEP, THE WARTIME INTELLIGENCE REPORTS OF ALLEN DULLES, 1942-1945. The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996.
Some minor mention of Operation Cornflakes, and some interesting code numbers, code names, and cover names, for people and places. Very little on propaganda leaflets.
Plaster, John: SOG: THE SECRET WARS OF AMERICA’S COMMANDOS IN VIETNAM, Simon and Schuster, 1997.
This book details the work of the Studies and Operations Group in Vietnam. It mentions some propaganda campaigns, including the forging of the money of North Vietnam.
Pratkanis, Anthony R. AGE OF PROPAGANDA: THE EVERYDAY USE AND ABUSE OF PERSUASION. New York: W.H. Freeman, 1991.
PREPARATORY SOCIETY OF PEACE MUSEUM: PAPER WAR - PROPAGANDA LEAFLETS. Emir Publishing Co., Tokyo, 1990.
Japanese-language book showing many full-color leaflets used by and against the Japanese during WWII.
THE PSYWAR SOCIETY: Selected paperback booklets on wartime propaganda.
THE FALLING LEAF (Quarterly Society publication) (Over 175 issues)
THE PSYWAR SOCIETY Catalogs:
01. Leaflets dropped on France by Germany 1939-40 (out of print)
02. GERMAN LEAFLETS TO ALLIED TROOPS IN ITALY 1943-1945
03. AXIS LEAFLETS DROPPED IN NORTH AFRICA 1940-1943 (out of print)
04. British and American leaflets to Holland 1940-45 (out of print)
05. Catalogue of Axis Leaflets Dropped in North Africa to Troops and Civilians 1940 -1943, 2nd. edn. 1989.
06. Cold War Rocket leaflets (Berlin) (out of print)
07. V1 Rocket Propaganda Leaflets 1944-1945, 4th. edn. 1989. ISBN 0 9502151 9 8
08. Air-dropped propaganda and facsimile currency (out of print).
09. French leaflets dropped over Germany 1939-40 (out of print).
10. BRITISH LEAFLETS BALLOONED TO GERMAN TROOPS 1917-1918
11. ALLIED LEAFLETS TO BURMA 1942-1945
12. "Leaflets and newspapers for Japanese soldiers by SEAC: SJ, SJF, SJG, SJI, SJM,
SJN, 2/MPS/J" (out of print).
13. BRITISH BLACK PROPAGANDA TO GERMANY 1941-1945
14. CATALOGUE OF AIRDROPPED FACSIMILE POSTAL STATIONERY 1916-1918
15. ALLIED FORGED GERMAN RATIONING DOCUMENTS OF WWII.
16. GERMAN LEAFLETS TO NORTHERN FRANCE 1944
17. ALLIED LEAFLETS TO NORTH AFRICA, 1940-1943.
18. LEAFLETS DROPPED ON BELGIUM 1940-1944.
19. U.S. LUFTPOST AND FRONTSPOST NEWSPAPER LEAFLETS
20. ALLIED LEAFLETS OF OPERATION DESERT STORM - 1991.
21. ALLIED LEAFLETS TO GERMAN AND AUSTRIAN TROOPS IN THE
MEDITERRANEAN COUNTRIES AND ISLAND 1943-1945.
22. UNITAF LEAFLETS IN SUPPORT OF "RESTORE HOPE" IN SOMALIA.
23. LEAFLETS DISSEMINATED BY ARTILLERY SHELL
Radvanyi, Janos, editor. PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS AND POLITICAL WARFARE IN LONG-TERM STRATEGIC PLANNING, New York: Praeger, 1990.
Rendell, Kenneth W: WITH WEAPONS AND WITS. 1992.
Selections of propaganda and psychological warfare leaflets from the personal collection of the author.
Reske, Charles: MAC-V-SOG COMMAND HISTORY, ANNEXES A, N & M (1964-1966), (DECLASSIFIED), Alpha Publications, POB 308 Sharon Center, Ohio, 44274-0308, 1992.
This book contains a heavily edited history of MACVSOG during the first years of it’s existence in Vietnam. It would be a valuable resource, except that 11 of the 12 pages on psychological operations have been deleted.
Reske, Charles: MAC-V-SOG COMMAND HISTORY, 1971-1972, ANNEX B, VOLUMES I AND II. (DECLASSIFIED), Alpha Publications, POB 308 Sharon Center, Ohio, 44274-0308, 1990.
Several chapters on OP32 (The Air Studies Branch), OP33 (The Psychological Studies Branch), and OP39 (The Psychological Studies Group). However, 90% of the psywar data has been deleted, making the books a poor reference source.
Rhodes, Anthony. Edited by Victor Margolin. PROPAGANDA. THE ART OF PERSUASION: WORLD WAR II. New York: Chelsea House Publishers,1976. Republished by The Wellfleet Press. Secaucus NJ, 1987.
** Possibly the best of the big coffee-table books. Numerous illustrations and excellent text on all aspects and phases of Allied and Axis propaganda.
Robert, Philippe. POLITICAL GRAPHICS: ART AS A WEAPON. New York: Abbeville Press, n.d. Originally published as Il Linguaggio della Grafica Politica. Milan: Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, S.A., 1980; English trans. 1982
Roetter, Charles. THE ART OF PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE, 1914-45. New York: Stein and Day Publishers, 1974. Also published by Batsford, London, 1974.
A fairly interesting look at wartime propaganda in two wars by both sides. 20 illustrations.
Roosevelt, Kermit: THE WAR REPORT OF THE OSS. Walker and Company, New York, 1976.
The first volume is a general look at wartime OSS operations, with emphasis on activities in the United States.
Roosevelt, Kermit: THE WAR REPORT OF THE OSS (THE OVERSEAS TARGETS). Walker and Company, New York, 1976.
The second volume gives a history of overseas OSS activities. It is an excellent reference source for Rome, Bern, and other posts where propaganda was manufactured.
Rutherford, Ward: HITLER'S PROPAGANDA MACHINE. Grosset and Dunlop, NY, 1978.
A general look at Nazi white propaganda. A large book, numerous illustrations. Little data on leaflets.
Salminen, Esko and Suvanne, Kauko KUVIEN SOTA 1935-1945, PROPAGANDALEHTISET TALVI- JA JATKOSODASSA, Otava Helsinki 1989. ISBN 951-1-10151-X.
The Finnish Winter War and the Continuation Wars.
Sandler, Dr. Stanley: "CEASE RESISTANCE: IT’S GOOD FOR YOU": A HISTORY OF U.S. ARMY COMBAT PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS. 2nd Edition, 1999. USASOC, US Army
A 436-page paperback book that attempts to give a complete general history of U.S. Army PSYOP. There are chapters on WWI, WWII, Korea, Vietnam, Grenada, Panama, Kuwait and the Kurds.
Sareen, T.R.: SELECT DOCUMENTS ON INDIAN NATIONAL ARMY, Agam Prakashan, Delhi, 1988.
A series of documents on the foundation and activities of the Indian National Army. One section is on INA psychological warfare. Noting specific on leaflets.
Schmidt, Palle, FLYVEBLADE NEDKASTET OVER DANMARK UNDER ANDEN VERDENKSRIG, Palle Schmidt, 1981.
All WWII British leaflets to Denmark illustrated.
Schmidt, Palle: SORT PROPAGANDA. Venners Forlag, Copenhagen, 1982.
Danish-language booklet on the subject of British black propaganda used in Denmark. British "black" leaflets to Denmark illustrated.
Schmidt, Palle: SORT PROPAGANDA FRA ANDEN VERDENSKRIG. 1980.
The original rough draft of Sort Propaganda, shown directly before this entry.
Shelley Robert G. PROPAGANDA LEAFLETS OF THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR written and publ. by Ronald G. in 1990 and available from the author at 9, Chanctonbury Rd., Hove, East Sussex BN3 6EL.
Shultz, Richard. THE SECRET WAR AGAINST HANOI, New York, NY: Harper Collins Publishers, 1999
Silvain, Gerard: LA QUESTION JUIVE EN EUROPE 1933-1945. J.C. Lattes, 1985.
A French-language book on anti-Semitic propaganda during WWII. Illustrates stamps, currency, leaflets and documents.
Simpson, Christopher. SCIENCE OF COERCION: COMMUNICATIONS RESEARCH AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE 1945-1960. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994. (A recent, rather hostile treatment of psychological warfare [broadly defined to include violence and covert operations of various sorts], which is useful in providing a different perspective on PSYOP.)
Smith, Paul. ON POLITICAL WAR, Washington, D.C., National Defense University Press, 1989
Smith, Peter J.C. , FLYING BOMBS OVER THE PENNINES, written and published by Peter J.C.Smith, 1990 and available from the author at Flat 5, Highfield Ct., 31, Glebelands Rd., Prestwich, Manchester, England M25 5WE.
Stanley, Peter: WHAT DID YOU DO IN THE WAR, DADDY? - A VISUAL HISTORY OF PROPAGANDA POSTERS. Oxford University Press, 1983.
A general look at propaganda posters used in WWI, WWII and Vietnam.
Steer, G.L., SEALED AND DELIVERED Hodder and Stoughton 1942.
Stevenson, William, A MAN CALLED INTREPID, Lyons Press, Guilford, Conn., 1976.
The story of Sir William Stephenson, who ran a secret British propaganda operation against Germany from New York City.
Stewart, Richard W., Dr. Stanley Sandler, Dr. Joseph R. Fischer. To Free From Oppression: A Concise History of U.S. Army Special Forces, Civil Affairs, Psychological Operations and the John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School. 3d. Ed. Fort Bragg, NC: United States Army Special Operations Command, 1996.
Stokker, K.: FOLKLORE FIGHTS THE NAZIS. 1996
Occupied Norway in WWII. Mentions mock postage stamps.
Stuart, Sir Campbell, SECRETS OF CROWE HOUSE - THE STORY OF A FAMOUS CAMPAIGN, Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1920.
Recounts British propaganda operations in enemy countries during World War I.
Sturgill, Claude. LOW-INTENSITY CONFLICT IN AMERICAN HISTORY, Westport, CT: Praeger, 1993.
Sum, Wong Hon: THE JAPANESE OCCUPATION OF MALAYA (SINGAPORE) AND ITS CURRENCY. Wong’s Collections, Singapore, 1996.
Although this book is actually on the subject of Japanese occupation currency in Malaya, it contains sections on airdropped currency, propaganda overprints, propaganda matchbooks, and a 21-page section on propaganda leaflets with over a dozen shown in full color. There is not much new information for the expert, but there are numerous illustrations, which are interesting and informative.
Summers, Robert E. AMERICA'S WEAPONS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE (International Propaganda and Communications, 1972
Taylor, Philip M. MUNITIONS OF THE MIND: WAR PROPAGANDA FROM THE ANCIENT WORLD TO THE NUCLEAR AGE. Wellingborough, England: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1990.
Taylor, Philip M. WAR AND THE MEDIA, PROPAGANDA AND PERSUASION IN THE GULF WAR. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1998.
Tonnelat, Hansi and E., A TRAVERS LES LIGNES ENNEMIES Payot et Cie, Paris, 1922.
Tuch, Hans N. COMMUNICATING WITH THE WORLD: U.S. PUBLIC DIPLOMACY OVERSEAS. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1990.
Thum, Gladys & Marcella. THE PERSUADERS: PROPAGANDA IN WAR AND PEACE. New York: Atheneum, 1972.
Tourison, Sedgwick D. JR.: SECRET ARMY, SECRET WAR, Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, Maryland, 1995.
There are three references to the American counterfeiting of the currency of North Vietnam. In all cases, the currency was taken to the north by Vietnamese agents under the supervision of the CIA.
THE VALUE OF PROPAGANDA LEAFLETS DISSEMINATED BY AIRCRAFT, Operations Research Office, John Hopkins University, Washington DC, USA in 1950.
Verlaglorch/Wurtt, Sieger, ZEPPELIN POST KATALOG.
Leaflets dropped by LZ129 (1935) and LZ130 (1938).
Verlaglorch/Wurtt, Sieger, RAKETENPOST KATALOG
Volkogonov, Dmitri. PSYCHOLOGICAL WAR, Published 1987
Vries, L and Groot, J., EEN FASCINERENDE SELECTIE UIT DE OORLOGSJAREN 1940-45, Uitgeverij Skarabee B.V. 1974.
WWII - Holland
Vy, Tran Quang, VIETNAM POSTAGE STAMP COLLECTION ON THE ARMED STRUGGLE FOR THE FATHERLAND SAFEGUARD.
A book that describes the various propaganda postage stamps of Vietnam including the fight against the French and the Americans. Published for the 50th anniversary of the People’s Army. A look at the Vietnam War as seen from the other side.
Waller, Douglas. THE COMMANDOS: THE INSIDE STORY OF AMERICA'S SECRET SOLDIERS, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994.
WAR AIRDROPPED LEAFLET EXHIBITION SPONSORED BY THE INTERNATIONAL PSYWAR SOCIETY. EUROCOM Corporation and Dae Han Investment. June 24 July 1, 1990.
54-page booklet illustrating leaflets of the Korean War from the exhibition.
Warren, Major Harris G., SPECIAL OPERATIONS. AAF AID EUROPEAN RESISTANCE MOVEMENTS 1943-45 Aerospace Historian, Dept. of History, Eisenhower Hall, Manhattan, Kansas, USA in 1947.
A combat study.
Watson, Peter. WAR ON THE MIND: THE MILITARY USES AND ABUSES OF PSYCHOLOGY, New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1978
White, John Baker. THE BIG LIE, New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company. , 1955Willard, Gordon. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF RUMOR, Allport, 1965
British Black Propaganda
Williams, L.N. & Williams, M. FORGED STAMPS OF TWO WORLD WARS by L.N. and M. Williams; publ. by the authors, 1954.
British and German "black" philately
Winkler, Allen M: THE POLITICS OF PROPAGANDA - THE OFFICE OF WAR INFORMATION 1942-1945. Yale University Press, New Haven, 1978.
Discusses the background and political difficulties faced by the OWI. Some data on propaganda campaigns. No black operations.
Zeman, Zbynek: SELLING THE WAR. Exeter Books, NY, 1982.
A large illustrated book showing propaganda posters used by all sides during WWII.
---------- BOMBER COMMAND - An Air Ministry Account of Bomber Command's Offensive against the Axis Sept 1939 - July 1941. Contains a chapter entitled "White Bombs; the Leaflet Raids".
----------- FLUGBLATTPROPAGANDA IM 2. WELTKRIEG. Stattsbibiothek, West Berlin.
A small German-language softback booklet. Over 50 photocopies of leaflets.
----------- PAPER WAR - PROPAGANDA LEAFLETS, publ. by The Japan Peace Museum in 1990. ISBN 4-900592-03-X. Illustrated catalogue (50% colour) of WWII leaflets to and from Japanese
----------- PAPER BULLETS, GREAT PROPAGANDA POSTERS AXIS & ALLIED COUNTRIES WW II, New York/London: Chelsea House Publishers, 1977 with an Essay on Psychological Warfare by Daniel Lerner
----------- PERSUADING THE PEOPLE: GOVERNMENT PUBLICITY IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR, London: HMSO Publications Center, 1995
----------- PROPAGANDA POLITICA E MEZZI DI COMUNICAZIONE DE MASSA TRA FASCISMO E DEMOCRAZIA, edited by Adolfo Mignemi, Istituto Storica Dela Resistenza in Provincia di Novara "P. Fornara" in 1995 .
Mainly WWII Italian Theatre leaflets including OSS productions
----------- PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS IN GUERRILLA WARFARE/THE CIA'S NICARAGUA MANUAL, with Essays by Joanne Omang and Aryeh Neier, New York: Random House, 1985
----------- THE "SUN" AT WAR, Sun Engraving Co., Watford, 1945.
Their house publication - leaflets they printed for PID.
** Important books necessary for a meaningful reference collection.
OFFICIAL MILITARY PSYWAR PUBLICATIONS
12TH ARMY GROUP: REPORT OF OPERATIONS.
Propaganda operations by the 12th Army Group during WWII.
246th PSYOP Company. PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS LEAFLET CATALOGUE, originally published by the 246th PSYOP Company, Bien Hoa, Vietnam. This catalogue has illustrations of 200 plus different leaflets that were printed and distributed during the Vietnam War, with the English translation, methods of distribution, etc. For information about obtaining reprints of this catalogue, contact Jason Hardy at email@example.com .
AIR FORCE DOCTRINE DOCUMENT 2-5.3 , 27 August 1999
ALLIED INFORMATION SERVICE ON THE WESTERN FRONT
AN INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE
ARMED FORCES TALK - YOUR DEFENSE AGAINST ENEMY PROPAGANDA.
** THE ART AND SCIENCE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS. Two Volumes, DA Pam 525-7-1/2.
A selection of several hundred articles on propaganda campaigns, similar to the Daugherty book mentioned above. This book updates the articles to 1976.
CAPABILITIES HANDBOOK – 4th Psychological Operations Group.
COMMANDER’S GUIDE TO TACTICAL PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS. – 4th Psychological Operations Group.
Contains the title, identification number and period of dissemination of all Allied airborne leaflets dropped by UK based aircraft.
A COMPLETE INDEX OF ALLIED AIRBORNE LEAFLETS AND MAGAZINES, 1939-1945 published in 1945 probably by an official British source. (Reprints are available from the Psywar Society).
5TH LOUDSPEAKER AND LEAFLET COMPANY 1951-1952.
FOREIGN POLICY BY PROPAGANDA LEAFLETS: Winter, 1945
HISTORY - 2ND MOBILE RADIO BROADCASTING COMPANY, May 1945.
JTF PROVEN FORCE - VAN KEDISI - DESERT STORM, 1991
LEAFLET CATALOG - 7TH PSYOP BATTALION - DANANG, July 1969.
NATIONAL CATALOG OF PSYOP MATERIAL – JUSPAO, Saigon, March 1969.
OPERATION DESERT STORM: PSYOP Dissemination Bn.
** LEAFLET MAGAZINE - PRINT COMPANY (The Psychological Operations Dissemination Battalion (Airborne) leaflet magazine of Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm, 1990-1991). The magazine exists both with and without a blacked-out leaflet on page 26.
** LEAFLET MAGAZINE - 4th PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS GROUP (AIRBORNE) LEAFLETS OF THE PERSIAN GULF WAR. 4th PSYOP Group. 1991
** LEAFLET MAGAZINE - PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS IN SUPPORT OF OPERATION RESTORE HOPE. Unified Task Force Somalia. 1993
** LEAFLET MAGAZINE - PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS SUPPORT FOR OPERATION PROVIDE COMFORT. (THE KURDS) 4th PSYOP Group. 1994
** LEAFLET MAGAZINE - PSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPORT TO OPERATION UPHOLD DEMOCRACY. Joint Psychological Operations Task force Haiti. 1995
** LEAFLET MAGAZINE - PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS SUPPORT TO OPERATION ALLIED FORCE. (KOSOVO). 4th PSYOP Group. 1999
** NATIONAL CATALOG OF PSYOPS MATERIALS: Joint US Public Affairs Office, Field Development Division, Saigon, Vietnam APO 96243. August 1969.
NON-CLASSIFIED PRINT PROJECTS. Persian Gulf War documents
OFFICERS' CALL - ARMY PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE: Volume II, No. 5.
PUBLICITY AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE 1943 - 1945. 12th Army Group.
FM 33-1: PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS. DEPARTMENT HEADQUARTERS, Department of the Army. 1987.
FM 33-1-1: PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS - TECHNIQUES AND PROCEDURES: DEPARTMENT HEADQUARTERS, Department of the Army. 1993.
JOINT PUB 3-53 DOCTRINE FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS
PWB - PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE BRANCH COMBAT TEAM...PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE AND OUTSIDE FACTORS AFFECTING THE SURRENDER OF NORTH KOREAN AND CHINESE FORCES
The functions of the PWB Combat team during WWII. Marked "Confidential"
ORO-T-40, L.A. Kahn and J. Segal (US Army, Far East Command) in February 1953.
PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE PART TWO, SUPPLEMENT NO. 1, 14 July 1945 PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE PART TWO, SUPPLEMENT NO. 2, 15 August 1945
Published by CINCPAC-CINCPOA as Bulletin No. 164-45.
Illustrates and gives full English translations of many leaflets dropped on Japanese troops and civilians by the Americans after December 1944.
PSYWAR - A MAJOR WEAPON: United States Army Europe Information Bulletin 11.
PSYWAR LEAFLET REPORT: Headquarters, U.S. Forces, European Theater. July, 1945.
REPORT OF THE DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD TASK FORCE ON THE CREATION AND DISSEMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF INFORMATION AND SUPPORT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS (PSYOP) IN TIME OF MILITARY CONFLICT. May 2000, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics, Washigton, DC 20301-3140
REPORT OF OPERATIONS - 12TH ARMY GROUP.
ROYAL AIR FORCE 1939-1945; HMSO, 1954. Volume 1. Early Leaflet Dropping.
SMART BOOK FOR PSY-OPERATIONS – 5th Psychological Operations Group.
SPECIAL WARFARE: Various issues of Bulletin of Special Warfare Center, among them:: 5:6-9 Oct '92, PSYOP Support to Operations Desert Shield/Desert Storm, by Summe, Jack N. (Maj, USA).
SPECIAL WARFARE: 5:2-5 Oct 1992, Training the PSYOP Force, by Parker, Jay M.
SPECIAL WARFARE:5:13-17 Oct 1992, Upheaval in Europe: PSYOP Communication Lessons Learned, by Stech, Frank J. (LtCol).
SPECIAL WARFARE: 5:18-25 October 1992, Army Psywarriors: A History of U.S. Army Psychological Operations. by Sandler, Stanley. Includes information on Urgent Fury, Just Cause, & Desert Storm.
SPECIAL WARFARE: 5:26-31 October 1992. PSYOP in Support of Low-Intensity Conflict by Kilgore, Joe E. (Maj).
SPECIAL WARFARE: 5:32-34 October 1992. PSYOP-Unique Equipment: Special 'Weapons' of Communication by Bailey, Chris (Capt)
SPECIAL WARFARE: 6:24-25 May 1993, When Forces Work Together: Army PSYOP and the FBI in St Croix, by Van Zandt, Clinton R.
SPECIAL WARFARE: 6:18-21 Jul 1993. PSYOP Task Force to JTF (Joint Task Force) Andrew: A Case Study in Support to Disaster-Recovery Operations by Kappelman Paul B. (LtCol) and Armstrong, Robert E. (Maj)
SPECIAL WARFARE: 7:19-21 January 1994, Military Psychological Operations in the 1990's, by Timmes, Thomas A. (Col, USA, Ret).
SPECIAL WARFARE: 7:22-29 Jul 1994. Psychological Operations in Desert Shield, Desert Storm and Urban Freedom, by Jones, Jeffrey B. (Col,USA).
SPECIAL WARFARE: 7:2-9 October 1994. PSYOP (psychological operations) in Somalia: The Voice of Hope. by Borchini, Charles P. (LtCol) and Borstelmann, Mari.
SPECIAL WARFARE: 7:2-9 July 1994. JTF Haiti: A United Nations Foreign Internal Defense Mission. by Epstein, Stephen M. (LtCol) and others.
SPECIAL WARFARE: 10:12-19 Winter 1997, Russian Information - Psychological Actions: Implications for U.S. PSYOP, by Thomas, Timothy L.
A SYLLABUS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE: Washington D.C. October, 1946. The Pentagon’s general answer to all questions concerning wartime propaganda.
UNITED STATES ARMY. Combined Arms Training Strategy for Special Forces, Psychological Operations, and Civil Affairs Units. Washington, Mar 1994. 1 vol.
UNITED STATES SOUTHERN COMMAND. Small Wars Operational Requirements Division. El Salvador: Psychological Operations Assessment. Fort Clayton, Panama, Feb 1988. 22 p.
UNITED STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND. Psychological Operations in Panama During Operations Just Cause and Promote Liberty. MacDill AFB, FL, Mar 1994. 36 p.
WHAT IS PROPAGANDA. EM 2 GI Roundtable. The United States Armed Forces Institute, July 1944.
WHITE BOMBS - OWI, London.
** Important military books/booklets necessary for a meaningful reference collection.
Aquino, Michael A. (LtCol, USAR). Psychological Operations: The Ethical Dimension. Fort McNair, DC, 1987. 31 p. (Industrial College of the Armed Forces (U.S.) ICAF student research report).
Bartow, Dennis (LtCol, USAR). Combat Loudspeakers: Weapon of the Battlefield Evangelists. Posted on the PSYWARRIOR website.
Boling, Deanna I. (CAPT, USN). Operational Law in Support of Public Affairs and Psychological Operations. Newport, RI, Jun 1988. 32 p. (Naval War College (U.S.) Student thesis).
Brown, Stephen D. PSYOP in Operation Uphold Democracy. Military Review 76:57-64 Sep-Oct '96.
Collins, Steve (LtCol USA), The Antenna War & the Transformation of Bosnian-Serb TelevisionCollins, Steven (LtCol USA). Centrally Planned & Decentrally Executed -- A Dilemma Facing Military PSYOP, September 4, 1998, Published in Cyber Sword and posted on the PSYWARRIOR website.
Collins, Steven (LtCol USA) and Guy, Jack C.(LtCol USA). Current Challenges and Future Roles for US Army Reserve PSYOP Forces. Trends and challenges faced by PSYOP and the need for reevaluation of resources. 15 March 2000. Published in Special Warfare Magazine, posted with permission on the PSYWARRIOR website.
Collins, Steven (LtCol USA). Mind Games. An assessment of the Coalition's perception-management operations before, during and after Operation Iraqi Freedom and their implications for NATO. Posted on the PSYWARRIOR website.Collins, Steven (LtCol USA). NATO and Strategic PSYOPS: Policy Pariah or Growth Industry? This paper examines current NATO PSYOPS policy, and the reasons why NATO should make changes in the aftermath of 9/11. Posted on the PSYWARRIOR website.
Collins, Steve (LtCol USA), Shaping Perceptions During the Latest Balkans' Imbroglio
Dayton, Roy D. (Maj, USAF). Airborne Psychological Warfare in South Vietnam. Maxwell AFB, AL, Jun 1968. 75 p. (Air Command and Staff College (U.S.) Thesis).
DeWitt, Calvin C. (MAJ USA), Surveying Public Opinions During Stability and Support Operations: PSYOP Support to the First Marine Division in Iraq
Dunn, Michael J. (Maj, USAF). The Soviet Disinformation Campaign. Maxwell AFB, AL, April 1987. 67 p. (Air Command and Staff College (U.S.) Student report).
Friedman, Herbert A. (SGM USA Ret.).
The following are a just a few of the many articles written by SGM Herbert A. Friedman (Ret.) on psychological operations in the form of official government papers and publications like stamps, envelopes, postcard and banknotes. He has published well over 100 articles and wrote regular columns in the Spacecraft Explorer, British Stamp News, and Linns Stamp News in the past. In addition, he has written the propaganda sections for several books on Vietnamese and US military currencies, and has approximately 36 articles on the Psywarrior.com website and several others on the Psywar.org site. He has written a number of articles for The Falling Leaf, The Psywar Society publication, and Perspectives, the Psychological Operations Association publication. This is just a brief sampling of his articles.
Falling Leaves, PRINT, September/October 2003
Poison Cornflakes For Breakfast, THE JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY OF PHILATELIC AMERICANS, February 1972, The OSS campaign to drop propaganda mail on bombed German mail trains.
Propaganda Christmas Cards, THE AMERICAN PHILATELIST, December 2002, Propaganda Christmas cards produced by the enemy to demoralize Allied soldiers.
Propaganda Currency., COINS, November 1970
Propaganda Leaflets Invade Afghanistan, WORLD COIN NEWS, August 2002
PROPAGANDA: Paper Bullets Aimed at Hearts and Minds, SOLDIER OF FORTUNE, July 1986
Propaganda Ricocheted Both Sides, THE AMERICAN PHILATELIST, November 1985, German and American propaganda leaflets in the Form of letters and letter sheets.
Sex and PSYWAR: Pornographic Paper Dolls. SOLDIER OF FORTUNE, May 1981,
Sex Wars OUI, September 1983
Gill, Paul F. (Maj, USAF). The USAF Psychological Warfare Mission in South Vietnam--An Analysis of Doctrine and Tactics. Maxwell AFB, AL, May 1981. 28 p. (Air Command and Staff College (U.S.) Research report).
Greene, Terry F. U.S. Army Psychological Operations into the Year 2000. Carlisle Barracks, PA, April 1993. 44 p. (Army War College (U.S.) Study project).
Kriesel, Melvin E. (Col, USA). PSYOP: A Strategic Dimension. Carlisle Barracks, PA, April 1984. 63 p. (Army War College (U.S.) Study project).
Lewis, Barry W. (Maj, USAF). The Role of the Air Force in Psychological Operations. Maxwell AFB, AL, Apr 1984. 26 p. (Air Command and Staff College (U.S.) Research report).
Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service. Roles and Functions of U.S. Combat Forces: Past, Present, and Prospects, by John M. Collins. Washington, Jan 1993. 112 p. (CRS Report for Congress no.93-72 S), Psychological Operations, pp 57-59.
McKelvy, Dolan M. (LtCol, USAF). Psychic Warfare: Exploring the Mind Frontier. Maxwell AFB, AL, May 1988. 53 p. (Air War College (U.S.) Research report).
Noll, James P. (Col, USAR). The 13th Psychological Operations Battalion (EPW) During Mobilization, Desert Shield/Desert Storm and Demobilization. Carlisle Barracks, PA, May 1993. 164 p. (Army War College (U.S.) Study Project).
Paddock, Al, Dr. (COL USA RET). MG Robert McClure, Forgotten Father of Army Special Warfare by Dr. Al Paddock, Special Warfare, Fall 1999 Vol. 12, No. 4. Posted on the PSYWARRIOR website.
Pecot, C. Matthew, III (Capt, USA). Integrating Psychological Operations into the Joint Theater Level Simulation (JTLS). Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, Mar 1993. 1 vol. (Air Force Institute of Technology (U.S.) Thesis).
Pugh, Carol (Maj, USAF). Psychological Operations for the Operational Commander. Newport, RI, Jun 1996. 20 p. (Naval War College (U.S.) Student thesis).
Singer, P.W. and Olin, John M., Winning the War of Words: Information Warfare in Afghanistan, Analysis Paper #5, Brookings Project on Terrorism and U.S. Foreign Policy, October 23, 2001
Sparagana, Eleanor A. The Conduct and Consequences of Psychological Warfare: American Psychological Warfare Operations in the War Against Japan, 1941-1945. Ann Arbor, MI, UMI, 1990. 238 p. (Brandeis University. Thesis).
Thomas, Timothy L. The Mind Has No Firewall, Parameters, Spring 1998, pp 84-92
Torres, Herminio. Managing Meaning: The Role of Psychological Operations and Public Diplomacy in a National Information Warfare Strategy. Monterey, CA, Dec 1995. 1 vol. (Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.) Student thesis).
Volker-Cox, Lee (MAJOR USAF) Planning for Psychological Operations, A Proposal. Research Paper Presented to the Research Department, Air Command and Staff College, March 1997.
Westover, David (Capt.,USAF), A brief history of U.S. International Radio Broadcasting and War: From the Voice of America to Radio Tikrit, Strategic Public Relations Management: International Perspective, April 22, 2003.
Whitley, Gary L. (USN Civilian), PSYOP Operations in the 21st Century, Strategy Research Project, US Army War College. Carlisle, Barracks, PA, April 10, 2000.
Wilson, Eleanor M. (LtCol, USMCR). Psychological Warfare in Low Intensity Conflict (Latin America). Newport, RI, May 1987. 24 p. (Naval War College (U.S.) Student.
AIRMAN:37:2-5 February 1993, Never Seen, Always Heard (the mission of the 193rd Special Operations Group is Psychological Warfare), by Morrow, Janice M.(Capt).
ARMED FORCES JOURNAL:133:44 July 1996. Getting the Word Out: Psychological Operations Play Key Role in Saving Soldiers' Lives. by Goodman, Glenn W., Jr.
ARMED FORCES JOURNAL:134:22-23 Feb '97. Rebuilding Bosnia: Army Civil Affairs and PSYOP Personnel Play Critical Nonmilitary Role in Operation Joint Endeavor. by Goodman, Glenn W., Jr.
ARMY:42:16-22 December 1992, Psyop: Gulf War Force Multiplier, by Adolph, Robert B., Jr (Maj, USA).
ARMY DIGEST: 22 May 1967, Leaflet War, pages 32-35.ARMY TIMES: 54:12-14 February 28 1994. Psyching Out the Enemy, by McIntire, Katherine and Munro, Neil. ARMY TIMES, July 1, 2003, PsyOps unit gets new home ASIA-PACIFIC DEFENSE FORUM 17:8-14 Winter 1992-1993, PSYOP: Winning Wars by Saving Lives (PSYOP leaflets during Gulf War), by Stankiewicz (LtCol, USAF, Ret). AUSTRALIAN DEFENSE FORCE JOURNAL No.107:35-42 Jul-Aug '94, Psychological Operations in Somalia, by Wilson, D. J. (Capt, Australian Army).
CARTES POSTALES ET COLLECTION: No. 139: ...Avec les Daguets.
ICON: August 1999, PSYOPS.DEFENSE & FOREIGN AFFAIRS STRATEGIC POLICY 24:8-10 January 1996. Invisible Hand of Strategy: A Brief Introduction to Psychological Strategy. by Copley, Gregory R. DEFENSE & FOREIGN AFFAIRS STRATEGIC POLICY 24:10 March 1996. Rediscovering Psy-Ops. by Copley, Gregory R.
INFANTRY,86:14-17 September - October 1996. Tactical PSYOPS Supporting the Infantry Brigade and Battalion. by Boisselle, James C. (Maj). INTERNATIONAL DEFENSE REVIEW 29:59-61 March 1996. Peace in Mind: Will the UN Give Psyops a Chance? by Cloughley, Brian.
JOINT FORCES QUARTERLY:No.8:28-33 Summer 1995. PSYOP (psychological operations) and the Warfighting CINC (Commander in Chief) by Jones, Jeffrey B. (Col) and Mathews, Michael P. (LtCol). LOW INTENSITY CONFLICT & LAW ENFORCEMENT: 2:195-211 Autumn 1993, 'No More Tactical Information Detachments': U.S. Military Psychological Operations in Transition, by Paddock, Alfred H., Jr. MARINE CORPS GAZETTE 73:38 September 1989, Discovering Psychological Operations by Barr, Edward J..
NATIONAL DEFENSE MAGAZINE: February 2001, PSYOPS Units Encouraged to Modernize Their Equipment, by Harold Kennedy
NIGHT FLYER MAGAZINE:4:9 September 1996, PSYOP: Most Powerful Non-Lethal Weapon System, by Rodgers, R. Scott (Maj, USAF).
ORBIS: 22 Winter 1978, VC/NVA Propaganda Leaflets addressed to U.S. Troops: Some Reflections. pages 913 - 926.
PUBLIC OPINION QUARTERLY. XII, Fall 1949, Some Psychological Lessons from Leaflet Propaganda in WWII, article by M.F.Hertz , pp 471-486Reserve-National Guard.com: October 1993, Getting the Word Out - The 193rd Special Operations Wing by Jennifer G. Williams.
SOLDIERS: 47, 6-8 May 1992, Mind Games,(psychological operations in Operation Desert Storm), by McMichael, William H. (SSgt, USA)
SPECIAL WARFARE: October 1992, Psyop - Waging Warfare for the Mind.
SPECIAL WARFARE: July 1994, Psychological Operations in Desert Storm.
SPECIAL WARFARE: Fall 1999, Theory, Research, Practice: Three Ways to Increase PSYOP Effectiveness.USACAPOC's (Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command) FOCUS Project: Waging the War for Information by Blanchette, Joel G. (BrigGen).
VIETNAM: December 1990, Winning Vietnamese minds was what the U.S. Army’s 4th Psychological Operations group was all about.
WORLD WAR TWO: Issue 63, The Propaganda War. An illustrated 28-page magazine with articles on Goebbels, anti-Semitism and Russian, German, British, and Japanese propaganda.
OPERATIONS ENDURING FREEDOM
PSYOP RELATED ARTICLES
ABC NEWS: October 15, 2001, Bombs and Words.
ABC NEWS: October 16, 2001, To Win Them Over, The Fight for Good PR in the Arab World by Andrew Chang.
ABC NEWS: December 18, 2001, Twist of Horror, New U.S. Leaflets Bear Gruesome Images by Martha Raddatz.
ATLANTA JOURNAL-CONSTITUTION: October 10, 2001, Leaflets, broadcasts among arsenal ised to change hearts, minds. By Ron Martz.
BALTIMORE SUN: October 16, 2001, U.S. radio broadcasts, pamphlets tell Afghans they aren't the enemy.
BBC NEWS: October 16, 2001, The US war of minds, by George Eykyn.
BOSTON GLOBE: October 18, 2001, PSYOP Readiness Doubted, by David Abel
CHICAGO TRIBUNE: October 15, 2001, All’s Fair in Psychological Warfare, by Michael Kilian.
CNN.com: October 16, 2001, Information Warfare as Important as Bombing, by David Grange
CNN.com: October 18, 2001, U.S. Propaganda to Taliban: You are Condemned, by Jamie McIntyre
CNN.com: October 18, 2001, The Partnership of Nations is Here to Help
DALLAS MORNING NEWS: October 9, 2001, Battling to Change Minds, by David Tarrant
DALLAS MORNING NEWS: October 23, 2001, War's Latest Weapons: Words, by Gregg Jones and Tod Robberson
DALLAS MORNING NEWS: October 26, 2001, Winning the Crucial Battle for Hearts, Minds by David Tarrant.
FAYETTEVILLE OBSERVER: October 11, 2001, Psyop Soldiers fight with a message By J.S. Newton.
FreeRepublic.com: November 8, 2001, DOD Officials Call Afghanistan 'Ideal' For Psychological Operations by Adam J. Hebert.
Freeserve.com: October 17, 2001, War of Words by Ryan Battles.
THE HERALD: Glasgow Scotland, October 4, 2001, How a War of Nerves Can Be Won Without Body Bags, by Ian Bruce
INDEPENDENT.co.uk: October 26, 2001, The World at War.
MSNBC: October 9, 2001, Information Warriors Drop Leaflets Into Afghanistan, by Deb Riechmann.
MSNBC: October 16, 2001, U.S. Finding It Tough to Reach Arabs
MSNBC: October 18, 2001, U.S. Reaches Out to Afghans Via Radio
MSNBC/ASSOCIATED PRESS: November 8, 2001, Psyop Group Tries Music to Entice Afghanistan.
NEWS AND TELEGRAPH: United Kingdom, August 8, 2001, Hippy Who Waged War with Music and Posters by Toby Harnden.
NewScientist.com, December 8, 2001, Psychological Warfare Waged in Afghanistan, by Emma Young
THE NEW YORK TIMES: October 14, 2001: Sewing Seeds of Doubt. A comparison of leaflets used in Afghanistan with those of other wars by Tom Zeller.
THE NEW YORK TIMES: November 11, 2001, In the War on Terrorism, a Battle to Shape Public Opinion, by Elizabeth Becker.
THE NEW YORK TIMES: February 19, 2002, Pentagon Readies Efforts to Sway Sentiment Abroad, by James Dao and Eric Schmidt.
THE PALM BEACH POST, November 12, 2001, We're in your head, By Chris Hutchins
STARS AND STRIPES: 5 February 2002, Soldiers work to win minds and hearts in Afghanistan
THE STRAITS TIMES: 17 October, 2001, Radios Being Dropped to Woo Afghan Hearts, by Alfred Lee.
Time Magazine: October 16, 2001, Opening Up the PSYOPS War, The U.S. goes on the offensive for the hearts and minds of Afghans by Douglas Waller.
Time Magazine: December 10, 2001, Using Psywar Against the Taliban. There's another war going on in Afghanistan, one you don't need missiles or bullets to win by Douglas Waller
TORONTO STAR: October 21, 2001, The Use of Media as a Weapon, by Eric Margolis
USA TODAY: October 16, 2001, U.S. Message Is Difficult Delivery by Barbara Slavin
USA TODAY: October 02, 2001, Special Soldiers Cover Mental Terrain. The PSYOP campaign in Afghanistan, by Andrea Stone.
USA TODAY: October 15, 2001, Pentagon Drops Leaflets During Bombings
THE VIRGINIA PILOT: October 30, 2001, Pentagon Says Propaganda War Proving To Be Tough, by Dale Eisman
THE WALL STREET JOURNAL: October 4, 2001, U.S. Tries to Manage Its Message, by Carla Ann Robbins.
THE WALL STREET JOURNAL: November 8, 2001, Spreading the Word, An Elite Army Team Opens A New Front: The Afghan Mind, by Greg Jaffe.
THE WEEKLY STANDARD: December 20, 2001, The Power of Propaganda, by Matt Labash.
THE WEEKLY STANDARD: December 24, 2001, Psyching Out The Taliban, The Army Plays Mind Games at Fort Bragg, by Matt Labash.
WIRED MAGAZINE: October 11, 2001, After Bullets Fly: War of Words, by Noah Shactman
OPERATIONS IRAQI FREEDOM
PSYOP RELATED ARTICLES
ABERDEEN AMERICAN NEWS: April 15, 2003, Psy-war: Old tactic, new technique; unit aims to confuse, convince, by Rick Rogers.
AIR FORCE NEWS: February 28, 2003, Waging war with wits, words.
BBC: May 20, 2003, Sesame Street breaks Iraqi POWs
BBC NEWS: February 27, 2003, US escalates psy-ops war.
DAILY PRESS: Hampton Roads, VA: April 5, 2003. Psy-war: Old tactic, new technique
FEDERAL COMPUTER WEEK: 24 March 2003, DOD aims psy-ops at Iraqi officers by Matthew French.
FEDERAL NEWS RADIO: March 1, 2003, U.S. Drops Leaflets Over Northern Iraq.
GAINESVILLE SUN: June 15, 2003, U.S. radio in Baghdad increases surrender appeals
THE GUARDIAN: April 2, 2003, The Battle for Our Hearts and Minds by Phillip Knightley
HERALD TRIBUNE: June 15, 2003, U.S. increases surrender appeals to Iraq scientists
HERALD TRIBUNE: June 15, 2003, U.S. increases surrender appeals to Iraq scientists
HOUSTON CHRONICLE: June 15, 2003, U.S. increases surrender appeals to Iraq scientists
MACON TELEGRAPH: March 28, 2003, Leaflets Send Message to Iraqi Soldiers by George Jahn.
NORRISTOWN TIMES HERALD: March 21, 2003, War of the mind , by Keith Phucas.
TALAHASSEE DEMOCRAT: June 5, 2003, U.S. troops try to win over Iraqi hearts
USA TODAY: October 3, 2002, Allied planes drop leaflets warning Iraqi troops by The Associated Press
US EUROPEAN COMMAND: March 13, 2003, Coalition Drops Leaflets in Northern Iraq
US NEWS & WORLD REPORT: March 21, 2003, Conflict with Iraq: Psychological Operations Getting the U.S. message to Iraqis by Jeff Glasser.