The Aquarian Conspiracy
culture of western civilization]…" has
always been the rise and decline of grand imperial dynasties. At the very point that these dynasties --
the "thousand year Reich" of the Egyptian pharaohs, the Roman Empire,
and the British Empire -- succeed in imposing their rule over the entire face
of the earth, they tend to decline…this decline could be abated if the
ruling oligarchy (like that of the British Roundtable) would devote itself to
the recruitment and training of an ever-expanding priesthood dedicated to the
principles of imperial rule…. Aldous Huxley,
along with his brother Julian, was tutored at Oxford by H.G. Wells, the head of
British foreign intelligence during World War I…Wells's popular writings (Time
Machine, The Island of Dr. Moreau, and so
forth), and those of his proteges Aldous Huxley (Brave New
World) and George Orwell (1984 and Animal Farm), were written
as "mass appeal" organizing documents on behalf of one-world order."
In the spring of 1980,
a book appeared called The Aquarian Conspiracy that put itself forward
as a manifesto of the counterculture. Defining the
counterculture as the conscious embracing of irrationality -- from rock and
drugs to biofeedback, meditation, "consciousness-raising," yoga,
mountain climbing, group therapy, and psychodrama. The Aquarian
Conspiracy declares that it is now time for the 15 million Americans
involved in the counterculture to join in bringing about a "radical change
in the United States."
Writes author Marilyn
Ferguson: "While outlining a not-yet-titled book about the emerging social
alternatives, I thought again about the peculiar form of this movement; its
atypical leadership, the patient intensity of its adherents, their unlikely
successes. It suddenly struck me that in their sharing of strategies, their
linkage, and their recognition of each other by subtle signals, the
participants were not merely cooperating with one
another. They were in collusion. It -- this movement -- is a conspiracy!"1
Ferguson used a half-truth to tell a lie. The counterculture is a
conspiracy -- but not in the half-conscious way Ferguson claim -- as she well knows. Ferguson
wrote her manifesto under the direction of Willis Harman, social policy
director of the Stanford Research Institute, as a popular version of a May 1974
policy study on how to transform the United States into Aldous
Huxley's Brave New World. The counterculture is
a conspiracy at the top, created as a method of social control, used to drain
States of its
commitment to scientific and technological progress.
That conspiracy goes back to the 1930s, when the British
sent Aldous Huxley to the United States as the case officer for an operation to prepare the United States for the mass dissemination of drugs. We will take this
conspiracy apart step-by-step from its small beginnings with Huxley in California to the victimization of 15 million Americans today. With
'The Aquarian Conspiracy', the British Opium War against the United States has come out into the open.
The British had a
precedent for the counterculture they imposed upon the United States: the pagan cult
ceremonies of the decadent Egyptian and Roman Empires. The following
description of cult ceremonies dating back to the Egyptian Isis priesthood of
the third millennium B.C. could just as well be a journalistic account of a
"hippy be-in" circa A.D. 1969: "The acts or gestures that
accompany the incantations constitute the rite [of Isis). In these dances, the
beating of drums and the rhythm of music and repetitive movements were helped
by hallucinatory substances like hashish or mescal; these were consumed as
adjuvants to create the trance and the hallucinations that were taken to he the visitation of the god. The drugs were sacred, and
their knowledge was limited to the initiated . . . Possibly because they have
the illusion of satisfied desires, and allowed the innermost feelings to
escape, these rites acquired during their execution a frenzied character that
is conspicuous in certain spells: "Retreat! Re is piercing thy head,
slashing thy face, dividing thy head, crushing it in his hands; thy bones are
shattered, thy limbs are cut to pieces!"2
The counterculture that
was foisted on the 1960s adolescent youth of America is not merely
analogous to the ancient cult of Isis. It is a literal
resurrection of the cult down to the popularization of the Isis cross (the "peace
symbol") as the counterculture's most frequently used symbol.
The High Priesthood
The high priest for Britain's Opium War was Aldous Huxley, the grandson of Thomas H. Huxley, a founder
of the Rhodes Roundtable group and a lifelong collaborator of Arnold Toynbee.
Toynbee himself sat on the RIIA council for nearly fifty years, headed the
Research Division of British intelligence throughout World War II, and served
as wartime briefing officer of Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Toynbee's
"theory" of history, expounded in his twenty-volume History of
Western civilization, was that its
determining culture has always been the rise and decline of grand imperial
dynasties. At the very point that
these dynasties -- the "thousand year Reich" of the Egyptian
pharaohs, the Roman Empire, and the British Empire -- succeed in imposing their
rule over the entire face of the earth, they tend to decline. Toynbee
argued that this decline could be
abated if the ruling oligarchy (like that of the British Roundtable) would
devote itself to the recruitment and training of an ever-expanding priesthood
dedicated to the principles of imperial rule.3
Trained at Toynbee's
Oxford, Aldous Huxley was one of the initiates in the
"Children of the Sun," a Dionysian cult comprised of the children of
Britain's Roundtable elite.4 Among the other initiates were T.S. Eliot, W.H. Auden, Sir Oswald Mosley, and D.H. Lawrence, Huxley's
homosexual lover. It was Huxley, furthermore, who
would launch the legal battle in the 1950s to have Lawrence's pornographic novel
Lady Chatterley's Lover allowed into the United States on the ground that it
was a misunderstood "work of art."5
Aldous Huxley, along with his brother Julian, was tutored at
Oxford by H.G. Wells, the head of British foreign intelligence during World War
I and the spiritual grandfather of the Aquarian Conspiracy. Ferguson accurately sees the
counterculture as the realization of what Wells called The Open Conspiracy:
Blue Prints for a World Revolution. The "Open Conspiracy,"
Wells wrote, "will appear first, I believe, as a conscious organization
of intelligent and quite possibly in some cases, wealthy men, as a movement
having distinct social and political aims, confessedly ignoring most of the
existing apparatus of political control, or using it only as an incidental
implement in the stages, a mere movement of a number of people in a certain
direction who will presently discover with a sort of surprise the common object
toward which they are all moving . . . In all sorts of ways they will be
influencing and controlling the apparatus of the ostensible government."6
What Ferguson left out is that Wells called his conspiracy a "one-world
brain" which would function as "a police of the mind."
Such books as the Open Conspiracy were for the priesthood itself. But Wells's popular writings (Time Machine, The Island of Dr. Moreau, and so forth), and
those of his proteges Aldous Huxley (Brave New World) and
George Orwell (1984 and Animal Farm), were written as "mass
appeal" organizing documents on behalf of one-world order. Only in the United States are these
"science fiction classics" taught in grade school as attacks against
Under Wells's tutelage, Huxley was first introduced to Aleister Crowley. Crowley was a product of the
cultist circle that developed in Britain from the 1860s under
the guiding influence of Edward Bulwer-Lytton -- who, it will be recalled, was
the colonial minister under Lord Palmerston during the Second Opium War. In
1886, Crowley, William Butler Yeats,
and several other Bulwer-Lytton proteges formed the
Isis-Urania Temple of Hermetic Students of the Golden
Dawn. This Isis Cult was organized around the 1877 manuscript Isis Unveiled
by Madame Helena Blavatsky, in which the Russian
occultist called for the British aristocracy to organize itself into an Isis priesthood.7
The subversive Isis Urania Order of the Golden Dawn is today an international
drug ring said to be controlled by the Canadian multi-millionaire, Maurice
Strong, who is also a top operative for British Intelligence.
In 1937, Huxley was
sent to the United States, where he remained
throughout the period of World War II. Through a Los Angeles contact, Jacob Zeitlin, Huxley and pederast Christopher Isherwood were employed as script writers for MGM, Warner
Brothers, and Walt Disney Studios. Hollywood was already dominated
by organized crime elements bankrolled and controlled through London. Joseph Kennedy was
the frontman for a British consortium that created
RKO studios, and "Bugsy" Siegel, the West
Coast boss of the Lansky syndicate, was heavily involved in Warner Brothers and
Huxley founded a nest
of Isis cults in southern California and in San Francisco, that consisted exclusively
of several hundred deranged worshipers of Isis and other cult gods. Isherwood, during the California period, translated and
propagated a number of ancient Zen Buddhist documents, inspiring Zen-mystical
cults along the way.8
In effect, Huxley and Isherwood (joined soon afterwards by Thomas Mann and his
daughter Elisabeth Mann Borghese) laid the foundations
during the late 1930s and the 1940s for the later LSD culture, by recruiting a
core of "initiates" into the Isis cults that Huxley's mentors,
Bulwer-Lytton, Blavatsky, and Crowley, had
constituted while stationed in India.
LSD: 'Visitation from the Gods'
writes Ferguson, "the
introduction of major psychedelics like LSD, in the 1960s, was largely
attributable to the Central Intelligence Agency's investigation into the
substances for possible military use. Experiments on more than eighty college
campuses, under various CIA code names, unintentionally popularized LSD.
Thousands of graduate students served as guinea pigs. Soon they were
synthesizing their own 'acid.' "9
The CIA operation was code named MK-Ultra, its result was
not unintentional, and it began in 1952, the year Aldous
Huxley returned to the United States.
diethylamide, or LSD, was developed in 1943 by Albert Hoffman, a chemist at Sandoz A.B. -- a Swiss pharmaceutical house owned by S.G.
Warburg. While precise documentation is
unavailable as to the auspices under which the LSD
research was commissioned, it can be safely assumed that British intelligence
and its subsidiary U.S. Office of Strategic Services were directly involved. Allen Dulles, the director of the CIA when that agency began
MK-Ultra, was the OSS station chief in Berne, Switzerland throughout the early Sandoz
research. One of his OSS assistants was James
Warburg, of the same Warburg family, who was instrumental in the 1963 founding
of the Institute for Policy Studies, and worked with both Huxley and Robert
Aldous Huxley returned to the
United States from Britain, accompanied by Dr.
Humphrey Osmond, the Huxleys' private physician.
Osmond had been part of a discussion group Huxley had organized at the National Hospital, Queens Square, London. Along with another
seminar participant, J.R. Smythies, Osmond wrote Schizophrenia:
A New Approach, in which he asserted that
mescaline -- a derivative of the mescal cactus used in ancient Egyptian and
Indian pagan rites -- produced a psychotic state identical in all clinical
respects to schizophrenia. On this basis, Osmond and Smythies
advocated experimentation with hallucinogenic drugs as a means of developing a
"cure" for mental disorders.
Osmond was brought in
by Allen Dulles to play a prominent role in MK-Ultra. At the same time, Osmond,
Huxley, and the University of Chicago's Robert Hutchins held
a series of secret planning sessions in 1952 and 1953 for a second, private LSD
mescaline project under Ford Foundation funding.11 Hutchins, it will be
recalled, was the program director of the Ford Foundation during this period.
His LSD proposal incited such rage in Henry Ford II that Hutchins was fired
from the foundation the following year.
It was also in 1953 that
Osmund gave Huxley a supply of mescaline for his personal consumption. The next
year, Huxley wrote The Doors of Perception, the first manifesto of the
psychedelic drug cult, which claimed that hallucinogenic drugs "expand
consciousness." Although the Ford Foundation rejected the Hutchins-Huxley
proposal for private foundation sponsorship of LSD, the proposal was not
dropped. Beginning in 1962, the Rand
Corporation of Santa
Monica, California began a four-year experiment in LSD, peyote, and
marijuana. The Rand Corporation was established simultaneously with the
reorganization of the Ford Foundation during 1949. Rand was an outgrowth of the
wartime Strategic Bombing Survey, a "cost analysis" study of the
psychological effects of the bombings of German population centers.
According to a 1962
Rand Abstract, W.H. McGlothlin conducted a
preparatory study on "The Long-Lasting Effects of LSD on Certain
Attitudes in Normals: An Experimental Proposal."
The following year, McGlothlin conducted a year-long
experiment on thirty human guinea pigs, called "Short-Term Effects of
LSD on Anxiety, Attitudes and Performance." The study concluded that
LSD improved emotional attitudes and resolved anxiety problems.12
Huxley At Work Huxley expanded his own LSD-mescaline project in California by recruiting several
individuals who had been initially drawn into the cult circles he helped
establish during his earlier stay. The two most prominent individuals were Alan
Watts and the late Dr. Gregory Bateson (the former
husband of Dame Margaret Mead). Watts became a self-styled
"guru" of a nationwide Zen Buddhist cult built around his
well-publicized books. Bateson, an anthropologist
with the OSS, became the director of a
hallucinogenic drug experimental clinic at the Palo Alto Veterans Administration Hospital. Under Bateson's auspices, the initiating "cadre" of the
LSD cult -- the hippies -- were programmed.13
Watts at the same time founded the Pacifica Foundation, which sponsored two
radio station WKBW in San Francisco and WBM-FM in New York City. The Pacifica stations were among
the first to push the "Liverpool Sound" -- the British-imported hard
rock twanging of the Rolling Stones, the Beatles, and the Animals. They would
later pioneer "acid rock" and eventually the self-avowed psychotic
During the fall of 1960, Huxley was appointed visiting
professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Boston. Around his stay in that city, Huxley created a circle at
Harvard parallel to his West Coast LSD team. The Harvard group included Huxley,
Osmund, and Watts (brought in from California), Timothy Leary, and Richard Alpert.
The ostensible topic of
the Harvard seminar was "Religion and its Significance in the Modern
Age." The seminar was actually a planning session for the "acid
rock" counterculture. Huxley established contact during this Harvard
period with the president of Sandoz, which at the
time was working on a CIA contract to produce large quantities of LSD and
psilocybin (another synthetic hallucinogenic drug) for MK-Ultra, the CIA's
official chemical warfare experiment. According
to recently released CIA documents, Allen Dulles purchased over 100 million
doses of LSD -- almost all of which flooded the streets of the United States during the late 1960s. During the same period, Leary began
privately purchasing large quantities of LSD from Sandoz
From the discussions of
the Harvard seminar, Leary put together the book The Psychedelic Experience,
based on the ancient cultist Tibetan Book of the Dead. It was this book
that popularized Osmund's previously coined term, "psychedelic
The Roots of the Flower People
Back in California, Gregory Bateson had maintained the Huxley operation out of the Palo Alto VA hospital. Through "SD experimentation on patients already hospitalized
for psychological problems, Bateson established a
core of "initiates" into the "psychedelic" Isis Cult.
Foremost among his Palo Alto recruits was Ken Kesey. In 1959, Bateson
administered the first dose of "SD to Kesey. By
1962, Kesey had completed a novel, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, which popularized the notion
that society is a prison and the only truly "free" people are the
Kesey subsequently organized
a circle of "SD initiates called "The Merry Pranksters."
They toured the country disseminating SD" (often without forewarning the
receiving parties), building up local distribution connections, and
establishing the pretext for a high volume of publicity on behalf of the still
By 1967, the Kesey cult had handed out such quantities of "SD that
a sizable drug population had emerged, centered in the Haight-Ashbury district of San
Francisco. Here Huxley collaborator Bateson set up a
"free clinic," staffed by **Dr. David Smith -- later a "medical adviser"
for the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML); **Dr.
Ernest Dernberg an active-duty military officer,
probably on assignment through MK-UItra; **Roger
Smith-a street gang organizer trained by Saul Alinsky.
During the Free Clinic period, Roger Smith was the parole officer of the
cultist mass murderer Charles Manson; **Dr. Peter Bourne -- formerly President
Carter's special assistant on drug abuse. Bourne did his psychiatric residency
at the Clinic. He had previously conducted a profiling study of GI heroin
addicts in Vietnam.
The Free Clinic
paralleled a project at the Tavistock Institute, the
psychological warfare agency for the British Secret Intelligence Service. Tavistock, founded as a clinic in London in the 1920s, had become
the Psychiatric Division of the British Army during World War II under its
director, Dr. John Rawlings Rees.16
During the 1960s, the Tavistock Clinic fostered the notion that no criteria for
sanity exist and that psychedelic "mind-expanding" drugs are valuable
tools of psychoanalysis. In 1967, Tavistock sponsored
a Conference on the "Dialectics of Liberation," chaired by Tavistock psychoanalyst Dr. R.D. Laing,
himself a popularized author and advocate of drug use. That conference drew a
number of people who would soon play a prominent role in fostering terrorism;
Angela Davis and Stokely Carmichael were two
prominent American delegates.
Thus, by 1963, Huxley
had recruited his core of "initiates." All of them -- Leary, Osmund, Watts, Kesey,
Alpert -- became the highly publicized promoters of the early LSD
counterculture. By 1967, with the cult of "Flower People" in Haight-Ashbury and the emergence of
the antiwar movement, the United States was ready for the
inundation of LSD, hashish and marijuana that hit American college campuses in
the late 1960s.
'The Beating of Drums . . .'
In 1963, the Beatles
arrived in the United States, and with their
decisive airing on the Ed Sullivan Show, the "British sound" took off
in the U.S.A. For their achievement,
the four rocksters were awarded the Order of the British Empire by Her Majesty the
Queen. The Beatles and the Animals, Rolling Stones, and homicidal punk rock
maniacs who followed were, of course, no more a spontaneous outpouring of
alienated youth than was the acid culture they accompanied.
The social theory of rock was elaborated by musicologist Theodor
Adorno, who came to the United States in 1939 to head the Princeton University Radio Research Project.17 Adorno writes: "In an imaginary but
psychologically emotion-laden domain, the listener who remembers a hit song
will turn into the song's ideal subject, into the person for whom the song
ideally speaks. At the same time, as one of many who identify with that
fictitious subject, that musical I, he will feel his isolation ease as he
himself feels integrated into the community of "fans." In whistling
such a song he bows to a ritual of socialization, although beyond this
unarticulated subjective stirring of the moment his isolation continues
unchanged . . . The comparison with addiction is inescapable. Addicted conduct
generally has a social component: it is one possible reaction to the
atomization which, as sociologists have noticed, parallels the compression of
the social network. Addiction to music on the part of a number of entertainment
listeners would be a similar phenomenon."18
The hit parade is
organized precisely on the same principles used by Egypt's Isis priesthood and for the
same purpose: the recruitment of youth to the dionysiac
In a report prepared
for the University of Michigan's Institute for Social
Research, Paul Hirsch described the product of Adorno's
Radio Research Project.19 According to Hirsch, the establishment of postwar radio's Hit Parade "transformed the mass
medium into an agency of sub-cultural programming. Radio networks were
converted into round-the-clock recycling machines that repeated the top forty
hits." Hirsch documents how all popular culture -- movies, music,
books, and fashion -- is now run on the same program of preselection. Today's mass culture
operates like the opium trade: The supply determines the demand.
The Vietnam War and the Anti-Vietnam War Trap
But without the Vietnam
War and the "anti-war" movement, the Isis cult would have been
contained to a fringe phenomenon -- no bigger than the beatnik cult of the
1950s that was an outgrowth of the early Huxley ventures in California. The Vietnam War
created the climate of moral despair that opened America's youth to drugs.
Under Kennedy, American
military involvement in Vietnam -- which had been
vetoed by the Eisenhower administration -- was initiated on a limited scale.
Under Lyndon Johnson, American military presence in Vietnam was massively
escalated, at the same time that U.S. efforts were
restricted -- the framework of "limited war." Playing on the
President's profile, the anglophile Eastern Establishment, typified by top
White House national security aide McGeorge Bundy and
Defense Secretary Robert McNamara, convinced
President Johnson that under the nuclear "balance of terror," or the
regime of Mutual and Assured Destruction, the United States could afford
neither a political solution to the conflict, nor the commitment to a military
The outcome of this
debacle was a major strategic withdrawal from Asia by the United States,
spelled out in Henry Kissinger's "Guam Doctrine," adoption of
the spectacular failure known as the "China Card" strategy for
containing Soviet influence, and demoralization of the American people over the
war to the point that the sense of national pride and confidence in the future
progress of the republic was badly damaged.
Just as Aldous Huxley began the counterculture subversion of the United States thirty years before
its consequences became evident to the public, Lord Bertrand Russell began
laying the foundations for the anti-war movement of the 1960s before the 1930s
expired. Russell's "pacifism" was always relative -- the means
to his most cherished end, one-world government on the imperial model, that would curb the nation-state and its persistent
tendency toward republicanism and technological progress.
Lord Russell and Aldous Huxley cofounded the Peace
Pledge Union in 1937 campaigning for peace with Hitler-just before both went to
the United States for the duration of
World War 2. During World War II, Lord
Russell opposed British and American warfare against the Nazis. In 1947, when
the United States was in possession of
the atomic bomb and Russia was not, Russell
loudly advocated that the United States order the Soviets to surrender
to a one-world government that would enjoy a restrictive monopoly on nuclear
weapons, under the threat of a preemptive World War
III against the Soviet Union. His 1950s "Ban the Bomb"
movement was directed to the same end-it functioned as an anti-technology
movement against the peace-through-economic development potentials represented
by President Eisenhower's "Atoms for Peace"' initiative.
From the mid-1950s
onward, Russell's principal assignment was to build an international anti-war
and anti-American movement. Coincident with the escalation of U.S. involvement
in Vietnam under British manipulation, Russell upgraded the old Peace Pledge
Union (which had been used in West Germany throughout the postwar
period to promote an anti-capitalist "New left" wing of the Social
Democratic Party, recruiting several future members of the Baader-Meinhof
terrorist gang in the process) into the Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation.
In the United States, the New York banks provided several
hundred thousand dollars to establish the Institute for Policy Studies (IPS),
effectively the U.S. branch of the Russell
Peace Foundation. Among the founding trustees of the IPS was James Warburg,
directly representing the family's interests.
IPS drew its most
active operatives from a variety of British-dominated institutions. IPS
founding director Marcus Raskin was a member of the
Kennedy administration's National Security Council and also a fellow of the
National Training Labs, a U.S. subsidiary of the Tavistock Institute founded by Dr. Kurt Lewin.
After its creation by
the League for Industrial Democracy, Students for a Democratic Society (SDS),
the umbrella of the student anti-war movement, was in turn financed and run
through IPS -- up through and beyond its splintering into a number of terrorist
and Maoist gangs in the late 1960s.21 More broadly, the institutions and
outlook of the U.S. anti-war movement were dominated by the direct political
descendants of the British-dominated "socialist movement" in the
U.S.A., fostered by the House of Morgan as far back as the years before World
This is not to say that
the majority of anti-war protesters were paid, certified British agents. On the
contrary, the overwhelming majority of anti-war protesters went into SDS on the
basis of outrage at the developments in Vietnam. But once caught in
the environment defined by Russell and the Tavistock
Institute's psychological warfare experts, and inundated with the message that
hedonistic pleasure-seeking was a legitimate alternative to "immoral
war," their sense of values and their creative potential went up in a
cloud of hashish smoke.
Now, fifteen years
later, with nearly an entire generation of American youth submerged in the
drugs that flooded the nation's campuses, the Aquarian Conspiracy's
Marilyn Ferguson is able to write: "There are legions of [Aquarian]
conspirators. They are in corporations, universities, and hospitals, on the
faculties of public schools, in factories and doctors' offices, in state and
federal agencies, on city councils, and the White House staff, in state
legislatures, in volunteer organizations, in virtually all arenas of policy
making in the country."22
Like the British
inundation of China with drugs in the
nineteenth century, the British counterculture has succeeded in. subverting the
fabric of the nation, even up to the top-most levels of government.
In 1962, Huxley helped
found the Esalen Institute in Big Sur, California, which became a mecca for hundreds of Americans to engage in weekends of
T-Groups and Training Groups modeled on behavior group therapy, for Zen, Hindu, and Buddhist
transcendental meditation, and "out of body" experiences through
simulated and actual hallucinogenic drugs.23
As described in the Esalen Institute Newsletter: "Esalen
started in the fall of 1962 as a forum to bring together a wide variety of
approaches to enhancement of the human potential . . . including experiential
sessions involving encounter groups, sensory awakening, gestalt awareness
training, related disciplines. Our latest step is to fan out into the community
at large, running programs in cooperation with many different institutions,
churches, schools, hospitals, and government."24
Esalen's nominal founders were
two transcendental meditation students, Michael Murphy and Richard Price, both
graduates of Stanford University. Price also
participated in the experiments on patients at Bateson's
Palo Alto Veterans Hospital. Today Esalen's catalogue offers: T-Groups; Psychodrama Marthon; Fight Training for Lovers and Couples; Religious
Cults; LSD Experiences and the Great Religions of the World; Are You Sound, a
weekend workshop with Alan Watts; Creating New Forms of Worship; Hallucinogenic
Psychosis; and Non-Drug Approaches to Psychedelic Experiences.
Several tens of thousands
of Americans have passed through Esalen; millions
have passed through the programs it has sired throughout the country.
The next leap in Britain's Aquarian Conspiracy
against the United States was the May 1974
report that provided the basis for Ferguson's work. The report is
entitled "Changing Images of Man," Contract Number URH
(489~215O, Policy Research Report No. 414.74, prepared by the Stanford Research
Institute Center for the Study of Social Policy,
Willis Harman, director. The 319-page mimeographed report was prepared by a
team of fourteen researchers and supervised by a panel of twenty-three
controllers, including anthropologist Margaret Mead, psychologist B.F. Skinner,
Ervin Laszlo of the United Nations, Sir Geoffrey Vickers of British intelligence.
The aim of the study,
the authors state, is to change the image of mankind
from that of industrial progress to one of "spiritualism." The
study asserts that in our present society, the "image of industrial and
technological man" is obsolete and must be "discarded":
"Many of our present images appear to have become dangerously obsolete,
however . . . Science, technology, and economics have made possible really
significant strides toward achieving such basic human goals as physical safety and
security, material comfort and better health. But many of these successes have
brought with them problems of being too successful -- problems that themselves
seem insoluble within the set of societal value-premises that led to their
emergence . . . Our highly developed system of technology leads to higher
vulnerability and breakdowns. Indeed the range and interconnected impact of
societal problems that are now emerging pose a serious threat to our
civilization . . . If our predictions of the future prove correct, we can
expect the association problems of the trend to become more serious, more
universal and to occur more rapidly."
concludes, we must change the industrial-technological image of man fast: "Analysis
of the nature of contemporary societal problems leads to the conclusion that .
. . the images of man that dominated the last two centuries will be inadequate
for the post-industrial era."
Since the writing of
the Harman report, one President of the United States, Jimmy Carter, reported
sighting UFOs his National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski made speeches proclaiming the advent of the New
Age, the Joint Chiefs of Staff every morning read so-called intelligence
reports on the biorhythms and horoscopes of the members of the Soviet Politburo.
The House of Representatives established a new congressional committee, called
the Congressional Clearinghouse on the Future, where the likes of Ferguson have come to lecture up to a hundred congressmen.25
What began as Britain's creation of the
counterculture to open the market for its dope has come a long way.
The LSD Connection
Who provided the drugs
that swamped the anti-war movement and the college campuses of the United States in the late 1960s? The
organized crime infrastructure which had set up the Peking Connection for the
opium trade in 1928 -- provided the same services in the 1960s and 1970s it had
provided during Prohibition. This was also the same network Huxley had
established contact with in Hollywood during the 1930s. The
LSD connection begins with one William "Billy" Mellon Hitchcock.
Hitchcock was a graduate of the University of Vienna and a scion of the
millionaire Mellon banking family of Pittsburgh. (Andrew Mellon of the
same family had been the U.S. Treasury Secretary throughout Prohibition.) In
1963, when Timothy Leary was thrown out of Harvard, Hitchcock rented a
fifty-five-room mansion in Millbrook, New York, where the entire
Leary-Huxley circle of initiates was housed until its later move back to
Hitchcock was also a
broker for the Lansky syndicate and for the Fiduciary Trust Co., Nassau, Grand
Bahamas --- a wholly owned subsidiary of Investors Overseas Services. He was
formally employed by Delafield and Delafield Investments, where he worked on
buying and selling vast quantities of stock in the Mary Carter Paint Co., soon
to become Resorts International.
In 1967, Dr. Richard
Alpert put Hitchcock in contact with Augustus Owsley Stanley III. As Owsley's agent, Hitchcock retained the law firm of Babinowitz, Boudin and Standard
27 -- to conduct a feasibility study of several Caribbean countries to determine
the best location for the production and distribution of LSD and hashish.
During this period,
Hitchcock joined Leary and his circle in California. Leary had established
an LSD cult called the Brotherhood of Eternal Love and several front companies,
including Mystics Art World, Inc. of Laguna Beach, California. These
California-based entities ran lucrative trafficking in Mexican marijuana and
LSD brought in from Switzerland and Britain. The British
connection had been established directly by Hitchcock, who contracted the
Charles Bruce chemical firm to import large quantities of the chemical
components of LSD with financing from both Hitchcock and George Grant Hoag, the
heir to the J.C. Penney dry goods fortune, the Brotherhood of Eternal Love set
up LSD and hashish production-marketing operations in Costa Rica in 1968. 28
Toward the end of 1968,
Hitchcock expanded the LSD-hashish production operations in the Caribbean with funds provided by
the Fiduciary Trust Co. (IOS). In conjunction with J. Vontobel
and Co. of Zurich, Hitchcock founded a
corporation called 4-Star Anstalt in Liechtenstein. This company,
employing "investment funds" (that is, drug receipts) from Fiduciary Trust,
bought up large tracts of land in the Grand Bahamas as well as large quantities
of ergotamine tartrate, the basic chemical used in the production of LSD.29
hand in the LSD connection abruptly ended several years later. Hitchcock had
been working closely with Johann F. Parravacini of
the Parravacini Bank Ltd in Berne, Switzerland. From 1968, they had
together funded even further expansion of the Caribbean-California LSD-hashish
ventures. In the early 1970s, as the result of a Securities and Exchange
Commission investigation, both Hitchcock and Parravacini
were indicted and convicted of a $40 million stock fraud. Parravacini
had registered a $40 million sale to Hitchcock for which Hitchcock had not put
down a penny of cash or collateral. This was one of the rare instances in which
federal investigators succeeded in getting inside the $200 billion drug fund as
it was making its way around the "offshore" banking system.
Another channel for
laundering dirty drug money -- a channel yet to be compromised by federal
investigative agencies is important to note here. This is the use of tax-exempt
foundations to finance terrorism and environmentalism. One immediately relevant
case makes the point.
In 1957, the University of Chicago's Robert M. Hutchins
established the Center for the Study of Democratic
Institutions (CSDI) in Santa Barbara, California. Knight Commander
Hutchins drew in Aldous Huxley, Elisabeth Mann Borghese, and some Rhodes Scholars who had originally been
brought into the University of Chicago during the 1930s and
The CSDI was originally
funded 1957 to 1961 through a several-million-dollar fund that Hutchins managed
to set up before his untimely departure from the Ford Foundation. From 1961
onward, the Center was principally financed by
organized crime. The two funding conduits were the Fund of Funds, a tax exempt
front for Bernie Cornfeld's lOS,
and the Parvin Foundation, a parallel front for Parvin-Dohnnan Co. of Nevada. IOS and Marvin-Doorman held
controlling interests in the Desert Inn, the Aladdin, and the Dune -- all Las Vegas casinos associated
with the Lansky syndicate. IOS, as already documented, was a conducting vehicle
for LSD, hashish, and marijuana distribution throughout the 1960s.30 In 1967 alone, IOS channeled
between $3 and $4 million to the center. Wherever
there is dope, there is Dope, Inc.
- Marilyn Ferguson, The
Aquarian Conspiracy (Los Angeles: J.P. Archer, 1980), p.19.
- Paul Ghalioungui, The House of
Life: Magic and Medica' Science in Ancient Egypt
(New York: Schram Enterprises, 1974).
Toynbee, A Study of History (New York: Oxford University Press, 1935).
- Martin Green, Children
of the Sun: A Narrative of Decadence in England
after 1918 (New York: Basic Books, 1976).
- See Ronald William
Clark, The Huxleys (New York: McGraw-Hill,
- H.G. Wells,
Anticipations of the Reaction of Mechanical and Scientific Progress Upon Human Life and Thought (New York: Harper and Row,
- Helena P. Blavatsky, Isis Unveiled, A
Master Key to the Mysteries of Ancient and Modern Science and Theology
(Los Angeles: Theosophy Co., 1931).
- Francis King,
Sexuality, Magic and Perversion (New York: Citadel, 1974), p.118.
Aquarian Conspiracy, p. 126n.
- Institute for Policy
Studies, "The First Ten Years, 1963-1973," Washington,
- Humphrey Osmund,
Understanding Understanding (New York: Harper
and Row, 1974).
- Rand Corporation
Catalogue of Documents.
- Gregory Bateson, Steps to the Ecology of the Mind (New York:
- Ralph Metzner, The Ecstatic
Adventure (New York: Macmillan, 1968).
- See Clark, The Huxleys.
- Michael Minnicino, "Low Intensity Operations: The Reesian Theory of War," The Campaigner (April
Adorno was a leading professor of the Frankfurt
School of Social Research in Germany,
founded by the British Fabian Society. A
collaborator of twelve-tone formalist and British intelligence operative
Arnold Schoenberg, Adorno was brought to the United
States in 1939 to head the Princeton
Radio Research Project. The aim of this project, as stated in Adorno's Introduction to the Sociology of Music, was
to program a mass "musical" culture that would steadily degrade
its consumers. Punk rock is, in the most direct sense, the ultimate result
of Adorno's work.
Adorno, Introduction to the Sociology of Music
(New York: Seabury Press, 1976).
- Paul Hirsch, "The
Structure of the Popular Music Industry; The Filtering Process by which
Records are Preselected for Public Consumption," Institute for Social
Research's Survey Research Center Monograph,
- Ronald Clark, The Life
of Bertrand Russell (New York: Alfred Knopf, 1976), p.457.
Crime Commission Report, 1969. The Institute for Policy Studies (IPS) was
established in 1963 by Marcus Raskin, a former
National Security Adviser under NSC Director McGeorge
Bundy, and by Richard Barnet, a former State Department adviser on arms
control and disarmament. Among the board of trustees of IPS were Thurmond
Arnold, James Warburg, Philip Stern, and Hans Morgenthau,
with seed money from the Ford Foundation (later to be headed by McGeorge Bundy). IPS has functioned as the "New
left" think tank and control center for
local community control, community health centers,
and direct terrorist organizations. In its report "The First Ten
Years," the Institute lists among its lecturers and fellows, members
of the Weathermen group, and known associates of the Japanese Red Army,
the Puerto Rican terrorist Armed Forces of National Liberation (FALN), and
the Black Liberation Army. See also Carter and the Party of international
Terrorism, Special Report by the U.S. Labor
Party, August, 1976.
Aquarian Conspiracy, p.24.
Zoakos et al., Stamp Out
the Aquarian Conspiracy, Citizens for LaRouche
monograph, New York, 1980,
- Mary Jo Warth, "The Story of Acid Profiteers,"
Village Voice, August 22, 1974.
- Hutchinson, Vesco.